The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare is designated as the World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for the Family of International Classifications (WHO-FIC) in Australia. The Australian Collaborating Centre (ACC) assists the WHO with their efforts to support national and international health information systems, statistics and evidence. The ACC is part of a Network of collaborating centres that contribute to the development, dissemination, maintenance and use of products that help categorise concepts in health and the health system.

WHO Family of International Classifications (WHO-FIC)

The WHO-FIC includes reference classifications, derived classifications, and related classifications. The reference classifications serve as the global standards for health data, clinical documentation and statistical aggregation. They enable capture of the following health areas: diseases, health problems, body function, body structure, activity, participation and interventions. They include:

  • The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD)
  • The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), and,
  • The International Classification of Health Interventions (ICHI).

The other classifications are either based on (derived classifications) or separate to (related classifications) these three reference classifications. Together, the classifications are known as the Family of International Classifications and the network of collaborating centres is known as the WHO-FIC Network.

These products are used in different ways across different countries. Tables 1, 2 and 3 below describe how the different classifications of the WHO-FIC are used in Australia.

Table 1. Reference classifications and their use in Australia

Classifications that cover the main areas of health and the health system. These classifications are maintained by the WHO.

Reference classifications
Name and link Subject area Use in Australia

ICD

International Classification of Diseases

ICD-10 2019 (current)

ICD-11 (release version)

ICD-11 (coding tool for release version)

ICD-11 (maintenance version)

ICD-11 (coding tool for maintenance version)

Diseases

Health problems

Body structures

Mortality statistics (cause of death)

ICF

International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health

ICF

Body function

Disability

Activity

Participation

Environmental health

Population surveys

Measuring health and disability

ICHI

International Classification of Health Interventions

ICHI

Interventions

Procedures

Classification under development, not used in Australia

Table 2. Derived classifications and their use in Australia

There are a number of derived classifications in the WHO-FIC. Only the ones in use in Australia are shown in Table 2.

Classifications that are based on one or more reference classifications. These classifications are maintained by the WHO.

Derived classifications
Name and link Subject area Use in Australia

ICD-10-AM

International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Health Related Problems, Australian Modification

ICD-10-AM 11th edition (current)

Diseases

Health problems

Body structures

Morbidity statistics (disease)

ICD-O

International Classification of Oncology

ICD-O-3

Oncology

Cancer registry

Cancer reporting

ICD Mental Health

ICD Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Diagnostic Criteria for Research

ICD-10 : DCR-10 (file download)

ICD Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines

ICD-10: CDDG

Mental Health

No official implementation

ICD-NA

Application of the International Classification of Diseases to Neurology

ICD-10-NA (file download)

Neurology

No official implementation

ICD-DA

Application of the International Classification of Diseases to Dentistry and Stomatology

ICD-DA (3rd edition)

Dentistry

Oral health

No official implementation

Table 3. Related classifications and their use in Australia

These classifications describe important aspects of health or the health system, and not covered by the reference or derived classifications.

Related classifications
Name and link Subject area Use in Australia

ICPC

International Classification of Primary Care

ICPC-2 

Maintained by: WONCA International Classification Committee (WICC)

ICPC-2 PLUS

Maintained by: Family Medicine Research Centre (FMRC)

Primary care

General practice

Electronic health records

ICECI

International Classification of External Causes of Injury

ICECI

Maintained by: ICECI Coordination and Maintenance Group.

External causes

Injury surveillance

National Coronial Information System

ATC/DDD

Anatomical, Therapeutic, Chemical classification system with Daily Defined Doses

ATC/DDD System

Maintained by: WHO Collaborating Centre for Drug Statistics Methodology

Therapeutic drugs

Drug utilisation research

ISO 9999

Technical aids for persons with disabilities

ISO 9999:2016

Maintained by: International Organization for Standardization

Technical aids

 

Disability services data collection

ICNP

International Classification for Nursing Practice

ICNP

Maintained by: International Council of Nurses

Nursing practice

 

Table 4. Australian classifications

These classifications are maintained by the Independent Hospital Pricing Authority (IHPA) and are governed by the rules set out in the Australian Coding Standards (ACS) volume of the ICD-10-AM/ACHI/ACS classification system.

Australian classifications
Name and link Subject area Initially derived from

ICD-10-AM

International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Health Related Problems, Australian Modification

ICD-10-AM 11th edition (current)

Diseases

Health problems

Body structures

ICD-10

ACHI

Australian Classification of Health Interventions

ACHI 11th edition (current)

Interventions

Procedures

Medicare Benefits Schedule

WHO-FIC Network committee and reference groups

A number of experts from different WHO-FIC collaborating centres, including those from the Australian Collaborating Centre, participate in the activities of the Network's committees and reference groups to support the Network’s strategic work plan. The Network committees are:

  • Education and Implementation Committee (EIC)
  • Family Development Committee (FDC)
  • Informatics and Terminology Committee (ITC)
  • Classification and Statistics Advisory Committee (CSAC)

The reference groups allow the Network to provide for more technical discussions and participation by a wider range of experts and interested parties. The current WHO-FIC reference groups are:

  • Functioning and Disability Reference Group (FDRG)
  • Morbidity Reference Group (MbRG)
  • Mortality Reference Group (MRG)
  • Traditional Medicine Reference Group (TMRG)
  • Verbal Autopsy Reference Group (VARG)

Further details of the Australian Collaborating Centre

The Head of the WHO Collaborating Centre for the Family of International Classifications Australia is Michael Frost, Senior Executive of the AIHW’s Data Governance Group.

For further information on the work of the WHO-FIC Network or the Australian Collaborating Centre please contact the secretariat.

Contact details

Postal address

Secretariat, Australian WHO-FIC Collaborating Centre
PO Box 570
Canberra
ACT 2601

Telephone

(02) 6244 1000 (International callers, please use +61 2 6244 1000)

Facsimile (02) 6244 1299

Email address

[email protected]