The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare is a designated World Health Organization Collaborating Centre. The Australian Collaborating Centre assists the WHO with their efforts to support national and international health information systems, statistics and evidence. The collaborating centre is part of a network of collaborating centres that contribute the development, dissemination, maintenance and use of products that help categorise concepts in health and the health system.

WHO Family of International Classifications (WHO-FIC)

The three core products that network is responsible called reference classifications and cover seven areas: diseases, health problems, body function, body structure, activity, participation and interventions.

The Network also look after other classifications that are either based on (derived classifications) or separate to (related classifications) these three reference classifications. Together, the classifications are known as the Family of International Classifications and the network of collaborating centres is known as the WHO-FIC Network.

These products are used in different ways across different countries. Tables 1, 2 and 3 below describe how the different classifications of the WHO-FIC Network are used in Australia.

Table 1. Reference classifications and their use in Australia
Reference classifications

Classifications that cover the main areas of health and the health system. These classifications are maintained by the WHO.
Name and link Subject area Use in Australia

ICD

International Classification of Diseases

ICD-10 2016 (current)

ICD-11

Diseases

Health problems

Body structures

Mortality statistics (cause of death)

ICF

International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health

ICF 2017 (current)

Body function

Disability

Activity

Participation

Environmental health

Population surveys

Measuring health and disability

ICHI

International Classification of Health Interventions

ICHI Beta-2 2018

Interventions

Procedures

Classification under development, not used in Australia

 

Table 2. Derived classifications and their use in Australia

There are a number of derived classifications in the WHO-FIC. Only the ones in use in Australia are shown in Table 2.

Derived classifications

Classifications that are based on one or more reference classifications. These classifications are maintained by the WHO.
Name and link Subject area Use in Australia

ICD-10-AM

International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Health Related Problems, Australian Modification

ICD-10-AM 10th edition (current)

Diseases

Health problems

Body structures

Morbidity statistics (disease)

ICD-O

International Classification of Oncology

ICD-O-3

Oncology

Cancer registry

Cancer reporting

ICD Mental Health

ICD Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Diagnostic Criteria for Research

ICD-10 : DCR-10 (file download)

Mental Health

No official implementation

ICD-NA

Application of the International Classification of Diseases to Neurology

ICD-10-NA (file download)

Neurology

No official implementation

ICD-DA

Application of the International Classification of Diseases to Dentistry and Stomatology

ICD-DA (3rd edition)

Dentistry

Oral health

No official implementation

Table 3. Related classifications and their use in Australia.
Related classifications

Classifications that describe important aspects of health or the health system, and not covered by the reference or derived classifications.
Name and link Subject area Use in Australia

ICPC

International Classification of Primary Care

ICPC-2

Maintained by: Wonca International Classification Committee (WICC)

ICPC-2 PLUS

Maintained by: Family Medicine Research Centre (FMRC)

Primary care

General practice

Electronic health records

ICECI

International Classification of External Causes of Injury

ICECI

Maintained by: ICECI Coordination and Maintenance Group.

External causes

Injury surveillance

National Coronial Information System

ATC-DDD

Anatomical, Therapeutic, Chemical classification system with Daily Defined Doses

ICD-10-NA (file download)

Maintained by: WHO Collaborating Centre for Drug Statistics Methodology

Therapeutic drugs

Drug utilisation research

ISO 9999

Technical aids for persons with disabilities

ISO 9999:2016

Maintained by: International Organization for Standardization

Technical aids

 

Disability services data collection

ICNP

International Classification for Nursing Practice

ICNP

Maintained by: International Council of Nurses

Nursing practice

 

 

Table 4. Australian classifications
Australian classifications

These classifications are maintained by the Australian Consortium for Classification Development (ACCD) and are governed by the rules set out in the Australian Coding Standards (ACS) volume of the ICD-10-AM/ACHI/ACS classification system.
Name and link Subject area Initially derived from

ICD-10-AM

International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Health Related Problems, Australian Modification

ICD-10-AM 10th edition (current)

Diseases

Health problems

Body structures

ICD-10

ACHI

Australian Classification of Health Interventions

ACHI 10th edition (current)

Interventions

Procedures

Medicare Benefits Schedule

WHO-FIC committee and reference groups

A number of experts from the different collaborating centres, including those from the Australian Collaborating Centre, sit on committees to work on an area of the Network’s work plan. The current WHO-FIC Committees are:

  • Education and Implementation Committee (EIC)
  • Family Development Committee (FDC)
  • Informatics and Terminology Committee (ITC)
  • Classification and Statistics Advisory Committee (CSAC)

The reference groups allow the Network to provide for more technical discussions and participation by a wider range of experts and interested parties. The current WHO-FIC Reference Groups are:

  • Functioning and Disability Reference Group (FDRG)
  • Morbidity Reference Group (MbRG)
  • Mortality Reference Group (MRG)

Further details of the Australian Collaborating Centre

The Australian Collaborating Centre was originally designated by the WHO in 1991 and has successfully been redesignated since. The current head of the collaborating centre is Jenny Hargreaves, Senior Executive of the AIHW’s Hospitals, Resourcing and Classifications Group.

Members and observers from the Australian Collaborating Centres that sit on the various committee and reference groups can be found on the WHO Website under Committees & Reference Groups.

For further information on the work of the WHO-FIC Network or the Australian Collaborating Centre please contact the secretariat:

Further information

Postal address

Secretariat,  Australian WHO-FIC Collaborating Centre

PO Box 570

Canberra

ACT 2601

Telephone

Facsimile

(02) 6244 1000 (International callers, please use +61 2 6244 1000)

(02) 6244 1299

Email address

who-fic-acc@aihw.gov.au