Illicit use of drugs causes death and disability and is a risk factor for many diseases. It is also associated with risks to users' family and friends and to the community. Illicit use of drugs includes use of illegal drugs, misuse or non-medical use of pharmaceutical drugs, or inappropriate use of other substances (such as inhalants).

The 2022 National Drug Strategy Household Survey is currently being conducted across Australia. You may be selected to participate. Find out more at www.aihw.gov.au/2022-ndshs

Featured reports

Latest findings

Tobacco smoking is the leading cause of preventable health burden in Australia

People who inject drugs experience considerably poorer health outcomes than other drug users

People with mental health conditions are more likely to use tobacco, alcohol and illicit drugs

Non-medical pharmaceutical use is down, driven by a fall in use of pain-killers.

In 2019, 11.0% of Australians smoked tobacco daily, down from 12.2% in 2016 and 24% in 1991.

Smoking rates increase with socioeconomic disadvantage, but illicit drug use highest in the most advantaged areas.

More reports and statistics on illicit use of drugs can be found under Alcohol, Alcohol & other drug treatment services and Smoking.