Tobacco smoking is the single most important preventable cause of ill health and death in Australia. Tobacco smoke contains over 7,000 chemicals, of which over 70 cause cancer.

More reports and statistics on tobacco smoking can be found under Alcohol, Alcohol & other drug treatment services and Illicit use of drugs.

Latest findings

10% of drinkers drove a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol in 2016 but this declined from 12% in 2013 The non-medical use of pharmaceutical drugs is an increasing public health problem in Australia 1 in 5 meth/amphetamine users used the drug weekly or more often in 2016 The proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who smoke has declined significantly 4 in 10 people either smoked daily, drank alcohol in risky quantities or used an illicit drug in the past 12 months Homosexual/bisexual people were 5.8 times as likely as heterosexual people to use ecstasy and meth/amphetamines In 2016, recent use of cannabis was highest in NT, meth/amphetamine use was highest in WA, cocaine was highest in NSW In 2016, about 1 in 8 Australians smoked daily while 6 in 10 had never smoked Cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug in Australia Support for legalisation of cannabis and use of it in clinical trials to treat medical conditions increased in 2016 People who inject drugs experience considerably poorer health outcomes than other drug users Self-reported levels of psychological distress are increasing among recent users of tobacco and illicit drugs There is a strong link between problematic alcohol or other drug use and experiences of homelessness Tobacco smoking is the leading cause of preventable burden in Australia Among current smokers, 3 in 10 tried to quit but did not succeed and about 1 in 3 do not intend to quit Over the past 50 years, levels of apparent consumption of different alcoholic beverages changed substantially

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