The Australian Burden of Disease Study provides estimates for over 200 diseases and injuries in Australia for 2022, 2018, 2015, 2011 and 2003. Burden of disease measures the impact of living with illness and injury and dying prematurely. The summary measure ‘disability-adjusted life years’ (or DALY) measures the years of healthy life lost from death and illness.

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In 2022, Australians experienced more burden from living with illness (52% of total burden) than premature death (48%)

In 2022, cancers were the group of diseases causing the most burden (17%)

Indigenous Australians lost almost 240,000 years of healthy life due to illness and injury in 2018

The rate of burden in Indigenous Australians decreased by 15% between 2003 and 2018

38% of disease burden in Australia in 2018 is preventable and due to the modifiable risk factors included in this study

Overweight (including obesity) was the leading contributor to non-fatal burden in 2018