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Australia's welfare 2019: in brief 

Australia’s welfare 2019: in brief tells the story of welfare in Australia with key findings on housing, education and skills, employment and work, income and finance: government payments, social support, justice and safety, and Indigenous Australians.

Australia’s welfare 2019 is the 14th biennial welfare report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. This edition introduces a new format and expanded product suite:

Australia’s welfare 2019: data insights 

Australia’s welfare 2019: data insights presents an overview of the welfare data landscape and explores selected welfare topics—including intergenerational disadvantage, income support, future of work, disability services, elder abuse and child wellbeing—in 8 original articles.

Australia’s welfare 2019 is the 14th biennial welfare report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. This edition introduces a new format and expanded product suite:

People with disability in Australia: in brief 

People with disability in Australia: in brief provides an overview of key content from the AIHW’s comprehensive People with disability in Australia online report. These highlights draw upon the most recent available data at the time of publication.

More detailed information, such as on trends and groups within the disability population, is presented in the online report.

Pathways of younger people entering permanent residential aged care 

Aged care is generally provided on the basis of need, so sometimes it is used by even very young people. In permanent residential aged care, around 2,000 younger people (aged under 65) take up care every year. Their pathways into care are often short, but once in permanent care, their care needs vary considerably—from short stays due to palliative care to long stays due to common older age-related conditions.

Chronic conditions and disability 2015 

This report explores the association between 8 selected chronic conditions and disability in Australia: coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes, arthritis and related disorders, back pain and problems, osteoporosis, asthma and emphysema. These conditions are generally long term and persistent, and can lead to gradual deterioration of health, and disability. This report examines disability prevalence and severity; and the types of impairments, limitations and restrictions experienced by those with the selected conditions.

Access to health services by Australians with disability 

People with disability use a range of mainstream health services—such as GPs, medical specialists and dentists. Some experience difficulties in accessing these services, such as unacceptable or lengthy waiting times, cost, inaccessibility of buildings, and discrimination by health professionals.

Disability services data cubes 

Disability data cubes are available for subsets of data from the Disability Services National Minimum Data Set (DS NMDS) collection. Prior to January 2009 this dataset was known as the Commonwealth State/Territory Disability Agreement National Minimum Data Set (CSTDA NMDS).

Disability in Australia: changes over time in inclusion and participation factsheets: community living, education and employment 

While people with disability participate actively in all aspects of Australian life, they are more likely to face challenges than people without disability, and their rates of participation in various life areas are generally lower. These fact sheets use data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers to look at changes that occurred between 2003 and 2015 for people with disability in the key life areas of education (DIS 69), employment (DIS 68), and community life (DIS 67).

Life expectancy and disability in Australia: expected years living with and without disability 

Australians are living longer, and their state of health in these years has important implications for population health and wellbeing and for Australia’s health and care systems. Between 2003 and 2015, life expectancy at birth increased for both sexes, and most of this increase corresponded with an increase in years living free of disability and free of severe or profound core activity limitation. Older Australians have also seen increases in the expected number of years living free of disability.

Impacts of chronic back problems 

Chronic back problems are common conditions in Australia (16% of the total population) and cause of disability (28% of the total population with disability) in Australia. Chronic back problems can have a strong negative effect on a person’s quality of life, affecting their ability to participate in daily activities, work, family and social activities. This bulletin provides the latest detailed information on the impacts (in terms of quality of life and disability) of chronic back problems in Australia.

People using both Disability Services and Home and Community Care in 2010-11 

This report examines the characteristics and service use of people who accessed both Disability Services and the Home and Community Care (HACC) program in 2010–11. It found that people using both required higher, more complex and diverse supports, and relied on a wide range of complementary services from both programs.

Diabetes and disability: impairments, activity limitations, participation restrictions and comorbidities 

The report examines the association between diabetes and disability in Australia using data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers 2009. People with diabetes were twice as likely to have a disability (39% compared with 17%) and almost 3 times as likely to have a severe or profound limitation (14% compared with 5%) than people without diabetes. Among working-age people with diabetes and disability, 40% said they were permanently unable to work compared with 20% of people with a disability who did not have diabetes. People with diabetes reported higher rates of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, stroke, depression, vision loss and kidney related disorders than people without diabetes.

Incontinence in Australia 

This report details the number of people who experienced severe incontinence in 2009, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers. It includes estimates of prevalence rates and total expenditure on incontinence, as well as the number of primary carers of people suffering from the condition. It also updates data development since the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare's 2006 incontinence report.

Incontinence in Australia: prevalence, experience and cost 

This bulletin reports on the 316,500 people who experienced severe incontinence in 2009, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers. There were 144,400 people aged 10 and over living in households who always needed help or supervision with their bladder or bowel control. It also presents information on prevalence rates and how much was spent on incontinence (excluding residential aged care costs) in 2008–09.