Eye health conditions are very common in Australia, and may be present from birth, as a result of illness or injury, or developed over time due to ageing. Eye health conditions can have a profound impact on a person’s quality of life and ability to perform everyday activities.
Five common eye health conditions that affect Australians are:
- diabetic retinopathy
- macular degeneration
- uncorrected refractive error.
Living with a vision disorder may cause disadvantage due to delayed childhood learning, reduced participation in education and employment, and social isolation.
Over 13 million Australians had one or more chronic (long-term) eye conditions in 2017–18
In 2017–18, long-term vision disorders affected 93% of people aged 65 and over
Females (59%) experienced a higher prevalence of long-term vision disorders than males (51%) in 2017–18
Median wait time for cataract surgery was 124 days for Indigenous Australians and 82 days for non-Indigenous Australians
Around 34% of Indigenous Australians who had a diabetes test had also had an eye examination in 2019-20
The prevalence of active trachoma in children aged 5-9 in at-risk communities fell from 15% in 2009 to 4.5% in 2019