The health and welfare workforces deliver diverse services through many private and public organisations. Combined, there are more than 1 million people employed in delivery of health and welfare services in Australia. Some occupations, for example nurses, are represented in both workforces.

In 2016, responsibility for reporting health workforce information was transferred from the AIHW to the Australian Government Department of Health. Prior to this, the AIHW reported data from the NRAS (2011 to 2015 data) and its own Labour Force Surveys (data to 2009).

The AIHW periodically releases analysis on health and welfare workforce data, which can be found in the following reports.