Australia is one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse countries in the world. However, some people from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds face greater challenges when dealing with the health and welfare system. Language barriers, lower health literacy, and difficulties navigating an unfamiliar system put them at greater risk of poorer quality health care, service delivery and poorer health outcomes compared with other Australians.

Several Australian Government strategies identify people from CALD backgrounds as a priority population. Understanding patterns of disease and access to services within this diverse community is important to being able to address the needs of people from CALD backgrounds in Australia.

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare's (AIHW) reports and other products include information about people from CALD backgrounds where data permits. This section features products which focus specifically on people from CALD backgrounds and includes products which focus on subgroups such as refugees and humanitarian entrants.

Featured reports

Latest findings

In 2021, 7.6% of humanitarian entrants reported having diabetes compared with 4.3% of the rest of the population

Accidental drowning deaths in humanitarian entrants were 2.4 times as high as the rest of the population, in 2007-2020

This report provides detailed data and a comprehensive picture of the health status of CALD populations in Australia

People born overseas generally had a lower prevalence of long-term health conditions than people born in Australia

Differences in health outcomes between CALD groups are more apparent when data are presented at the most detailed level

Linked data can supplement information in other data sets to better identify CALD populations

Also see Australia’s Health 2022: data insights Chapter 9 – Reporting on the health of culturally and linguistically diverse populations in Australia.