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Australia’s welfare 2019: data insights 

Australia’s welfare 2019: data insights presents an overview of the welfare data landscape and explores selected welfare topics—including intergenerational disadvantage, income support, future of work, disability services, elder abuse and child wellbeing—in 8 original articles.

Australia’s welfare 2019 is the 14th biennial welfare report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. This edition introduces a new format and expanded product suite:

Overweight and obesity: an interactive insight 

Overweight and obesity is a major public health issue and a leading risk factor for ill-health in Australia. This web report provides interactive data displays on the prevalence of overweight and obesity, differences in the prevalence between population groups and what is happening over time.

Children living in households with members of the Stolen Generations 

This report presents analyses of selected outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children who live in households with members of the Stolen Generations. It shows these children are more likely than comparable other Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children to experience a range of adverse outcomes. The report provides a new perspective on the intergenerational impact of the initial removal of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children from their families that led to the Stolen Generations.

The views of children and young people in out-of-home care: overview of indicator results from second national survey, 2018 

This report presents an overview of results from a 2018 national data collection on the views of children in out-of-home care. The majority of children (92%) reported feeling both safe and settled in their current placement; 97% reported that they had an adult who cares about what happens to them now and in the future. 66% of respondents reported that they usually get to have a say in what happens to them, and that people usually listen to what they say. For indicators that had comparable data for the 2015 and 2018 surveys, there was little, if any, difference between the 2 surveys.

Youth detention population in Australia 2018 

This bulletin presents information on the youth detention population in Australia from June 2014 to June 2018. Among the 980 young people in detention on an average night in the June quarter 2018, most were male (90%), aged 10–17 (84%), unsentenced (60%), and Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander (54%). Over the 4-year period, the number of young people in detention rose, though rates fluctuated across quarters.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adolescent and youth health and wellbeing 2018 

The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adolescent and youth health and wellbeing 2018 report provides comprehensive data on the health and wellbeing of Indigenous people aged 10–24. Information on health and wellbeing outcomes, health determinants, risk factors, and health and welfare service use for Indigenous youth are included. Data are disaggregated by age group, sex, state and territory and remoteness areas, as well as trend information. The report also examines differences between young Indigenous and non-Indigenous people on key health and wellbeing measures. 

Young people in child protection and under youth justice supervision: 1 July 2013 to 30 June 2017 

This report presents information on people aged 10–17 who were in the child protection system and under youth justice supervision from 1 July 2013 to 30 June 2017. Young people under youth justice supervision were 9 times as likely as the general population to be in the child protection system. Indigenous Australians were 17 times as likely as their non-Indigenous counterpart to be both in the child protection system and under youth justice supervision.

Overlap between youth justice supervision and alcohol and other drug treatment services: 1 July 2012 to 30 June 2016 

This report examines the overlap between alcohol and other drug treatment services and youth justice supervision from 1 July 2012 to 30 June 2016. Compared with the age-equivalent Australian population, those who had youth justice supervision were 30 times as likely to have an alcohol and other drug treatment service, and those who received an alcohol and other drug treatment service were 30 times as likely to have youth justice supervision.

Child and maternal health in 2013–2015 

This report presents findings on four indicators measuring the health of babies and their mothers: infant and young child deaths, the rate of low birthweight babies, mothers smoking during pregnancy, and antenatal care visits during the first trimester of pregnancy.  

The report shows that despite generally positive results across these indicators nationally, these positive trends are not seen equally across Australia’s 31 Primary Health Network (PHN) areas. 

This report was first published on the MyHealthyCommunities website.

Cancer in adolescents and young adults in Australia 

This report is the second national report to present key data specific to cancer in adolescents and young adults. While cancer in young Australians is rare, it has a substantial social and economic impact on individuals, families and the community. Surveillance of this population is also important as adolescent and young adult cancer survivors are at an increased risk of developing a second cancer. 
 

Spatial analysis of child deaths in New South Wales 

While child mortality rates in New South Wales have declined significantly over the 15 years between 2001 and 2015, there is still a great deal of geographic variation in the number and rate of child deaths. This report presents information on the geographic distribution of child deaths across New South Wales and shows that child mortality rates are higher in more disadvantaged areas, such as those with higher poverty rates, lower school engagement, overcrowded housing and higher rates of developmental vulnerability. 

Immunisation rates for children in 2016–17 

Immunisation is important in protecting children from harmful infectious diseases. This web update presents 2016–17 immunisation rates for all children and Aboriginal and Torrest Strait Islander children aged 1, 2 and 5. Rates are presented for the 31 Primary Health Network (PHN) areas, more than 300 smaller local areas and around 1,600 postcodes across Australia.

This report was first published on the MyHealthyCommunities website.

HPV immunisation rates in 2015–16 

Immunisation against the human papillomavirus (HPV) can prevent cervical and other cancers, and other HPV-related diseases. The National HPV Vaccination Program has been immunising adolescent girls since 2007 and was extended to boys in 2013.

This release shows HPV Immunisation rates in 2015-16. Rates are reported separately for girls and boys aged 15.  Data is reported at a national level and by PHN and SA4.

This report was first published on the former MyHealthyCommunities website.

Family, domestic and sexual violence in Australia, 2018 

Family, domestic and sexual violence is a major health and welfare issue. It occurs across all ages, socioeconomic and demographic groups but mainly affects women and children. Indigenous women, young women and pregnant women are particularly at risk. This report explores the extent, impact and cost of family, domestic and sexual violence in Australia, and looks at what could be done to fill important data gaps.  

Northern Territory Remote Aboriginal Investment: Oral Health Programs, July 2012 to December 2016 

The Australian Government has been funding oral health services for Indigenous children in the Northern Territory since 2007. In 2016, 3,426 Indigenous children received clinical services, and preventive services such as full-mouth fluoride varnish applications were provided to 4,502 Indigenous children and fissure sealant services to 2,019 children. Tooth decay experience varied by age, with 90% of children aged 6 and 88% of 9-year olds having tooth decay. There have been improvements in the oral health of younger service recipients, with the average amount of tooth decay in children aged 1–3 decreasing by 19%, and an 11% decrease among 8 year olds between 2013 and 2016. 

Young people returning to sentenced youth justice supervision 2015–16 

The majority of young people who receive a supervised youth justice sentence serve only 1 sentence, and do not return. For those born from 1990–91 to 1997–98, about 61% had only 1 sentence before the age of 18. Of the young people aged 10–16 in 2014–15 who were released from sentenced community-based supervision, about 22% returned to sentenced supervision in 6 months, and 46% returned within 12 months. Of those released from sentenced detention, 48% returned to sentenced supervision within 6 months, and 74% returned within 12 months.

Immunisation rates for children in 2015–16  

Immunisation is important in protecting children from harmful infectious diseases. Our most recent immunisation report shows the large majority of Australian children continue to be immunised and that rates have increased over time, but there is room for improvement in some local areas. The report focuses on immunisation rates for 5-year-old children and also includes results for children aged 1 and 2. Rates are presented for the 31 Primary Health Network (PHN) areas, more than 300 smaller local areas and around 1500 postcodes across Australia. Rates are also presented for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children. 

This report was first published on the MyHealthyCommunities website.