The AIHW currently collects data on the health of prisoners in Australia through a national survey of public and private prisons. Prisoners have higher levels of mental health problems, risky alcohol consumption, tobacco smoking, illicit drug use, chronic disease and communicable diseases than the general population. This means that prisoners have significant and complex health needs, which are often long-term or chronic in nature.

More reports and statistics on prisoners can be found under Youth justice.

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More than half (54%) of women entering prison had at least 1 dependent child

More than 7 in 10 (72%) women entering prison had previously been incarcerated