State and Territory summaries

General notes:

  1. Data are subject to minor revisions over time.
  2. Components of figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Client demographics:

  1. Data is based on client records with a valid Statistical Linkage Key (SLK-581).
  2. Client data exists from the 2013–14 collection onwards.
  3. The client data used in these visualisations is not imputed. Therefore, these numbers may differ from what has been previously published.
  4. Rates are crude rates based on the Australian estimated resident population as at 31 December of the reference year. Rates for previous years may differ to those previously reported due to updated estimated resident populations.
  5. Proportions are calculated based on overlapping unit record data sorted by state/territory. As clients can receive treatment in multiple states/territories within the same collection period, the number of clients for Australia is less than the summed number of clients for each state/territory. Therefore, the proportions by each state/territory may differ from those reported elsewhere as they are calculated from the summed number of clients for each state/territory.

Drugs of concern:

  1. Unlike the principal drug of concern, additional/other drug/s of concern is not necessarily the subject of any treatment within the episode.
  2. The proportion of episodes for an additional drug of concern is calculated by the number of closed treatment episodes for that particular additional drug (up to 5 drug types can be reported) divided by the total number of closed treatment episodes for clients receiving treatment for their own alcohol or drug use in the collection year.
  3. The AODTS NMDS contains data on drugs of concern that are coded using the ABS’s Australian Standard Classification of Drugs of Concern (ASCDC) (ABS 2011). Pharmaceuticals were grouped using the following 10 drug categories and ASCDC codes:
Drug category ASCDC code
Codeine 1101
Morphine 1102
Buprenorphine 1201
Oxycodone 1203
Methadone 1305
Benzodiazepines 2400–2499
Steroids 4000–4999
Other opioids 1100, 1199, 1200, 1299, 1300–1304, 1306–1399
Other analgesics 0005, 1000, 1400–1499
Other sedatives and hypnotics 2000, 2200–2299, 2300–2399, 2500–2599, 2900–2999

Jurisdictional notes regarding principal drug of concern:

South Australia reports a high proportion of treatment episodes where amphetamines are the principal drug of concern due to the SA Police Drug Diversion Initiative (PDDI). In addition, adult cannabis offences are not included in the PDDI due to the SA Cannabis Expiation Notice legislation.

Victoria reported comparatively high incidences of ‘other drugs’ as the drug of concern. This is in part due to service providers adjusting to changes in reporting practices associated with the implementation of a new data collection in 2018–19. Victoria is working with service providers to encourage more specific reporting of drug of concern.

In Queensland, the level of cannabis reported as the principal drug of concern is a result of the police and illicit drug court diversion programs operating in the state.


  1. The proportion of episodes for an additional treatment type are calculated by the number of closed treatment episodes for that particular treatment type (up to 4 additional treatment types can be reported) divided by the total number of closed treatment episodes in the collection year.
  2. Rehabilitation, withdrawal management (detoxification), and pharmacotherapy are not available for clients who received treatment for someone else’s alcohol or other drug use.
  3. The main treatment type of ‘other’ includes pharmacotherapy.


  1. An agency’s remoteness area is derived by applying an ABS Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) Remoteness Structure 2011 to Statistical Area Level 2 code (SA2) correspondence. Some SA2s are split between multiple remoteness areas. Where this is the case, the data are weighted according to the proportion of the population of the SA2 in each remoteness area. As a result, it is possible that the number of agencies in a particular remoteness area is not a whole number. After rounding, this can result in there being ‘<0.5’ or ‘<0.5%’ of agencies in a remoteness area due to the agency’s SA2 partially crossing into the remoteness area.
  2. The number of agencies by remoteness or sector may not sum to the total number of agencies due to rounding.
  3. The number of agencies is not an accurate reflection of all in-scope AOD specialist treatment services in Australia, as some agencies fail to report data during a collection for various reasons. See the Alcohol and other drug treatment services NMDS 2018–19 data quality statement for further details.
  4. In 2018–19, the AOD treatment agency counting methodology was revised to better reflect the number of unique AOD treatment service outlets. There is a level of agency duplication, due to agencies splitting out episode data related to the funding source for that program/service. A small number of agencies split their data submission according to state funded service episodes, which are reported to relevant state or territory departments; and Commonwealth funded service episodes are reported to a peak body or directly to the AIHW. This has resulted in the double counting of some services over time. This revision has been applied to all time-series, the main changes in data related to AOD service counts are from 2014–15 to 2017–18.
  5. Data for SA2 only available for 2014–15 collection onwards.