Rehabilitation is an intensive treatment program that integrates a range of services and therapeutic activities, including counselling, behavioural treatment approaches, social and community living skills, relapse prevention and recreational activities. Rehabilitation can be delivered in a number of ways including residential treatment services, therapeutic communities and community-based rehabilitation services (Department of Health 2019). This type of treatment is not available for clients seeking treatment for someone else’s alcohol or drug use.

In 2019–20, for clients’ own alcohol or drug use:

  • one in 14 (7% or 14,785) closed treatment episodes included rehabilitation as the main treatment type 
  • the most common principal drugs of concern were amphetamines (42%), alcohol (35%), and cannabis (11%) (Tables ST.4, ST.68).

Client profile

In 2019–20, for clients whose main treatment was rehabilitation:

  • 2 in 3 (66%) clients were male, and 25% of clients identified as Indigenous Australians
  • over 1 in 3 clients were aged 30–39 (34%), followed by clients 20–29 (27%) and 40–49 (23%) (Tables SC.15– SC.17).

 Treatment profile

Among rehabilitation treatment episodes for a client’s own alcohol or drug use:

  • nearly 2 in 5 (38%) episodes lasted 1–3 months, while a further 29% lasted between 2 days and 1 month in 2019–20
  • over the 10-year period to 2019–20, the duration of closed episodes of rehabilitation remained relatively stable, except for an increase in the proportion of episodes that lasted 1 day (from 5% in 2010–11 to 9% in 2019–20) (Table ST.73).


See reference list