Welfare, or wellbeing, is positively or negatively affected by many factors, including housing, education, employment and social networks. These factors can also influence a person’s need for welfare services and support.

Australians continue to experience both direct and indirect health effects from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. These include the health effects to an individual with COVID-19, and the short and longer-term impacts of measures put in place to contain COVID-19.

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Broadly, welfare refers to the wellbeing of individuals, families and the community. The terms welfare and wellbeing are often used interchangeably. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has prompted a renewed focus on issues which affect the welfare and wellbeing of Australians. This chapter identifies different sources of welfare support, and highlights the link between health, welfare and wellbeing.