Every year in Australia, many years of healthy life are lost because of injury, illness or premature deaths in the population. This loss of healthy life is called the ‘burden of disease’. Information on the burden of disease and injuries as well as the contribution of various risk factors to burden is important for monitoring population health and for providing an evidence base to inform health policy and service planning. This report provides information on burden of disease among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Findings from this report:
  • Gap in burden between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians decreased between 2003 and 2018

  • 240,000 years of healthy life were lost among Indigenous Australians in 2018

  • 49% of disease burden in Indigenous Australians could have been prevented, being due to the modifiable risk factors

  • 15% decrease in total burden among Indigenous Australians between 2003 and 2018