3.2 Parental substance use (alcohol)
Parental alcohol misuse is a key risk factor for child abuse and neglect. Misuse can compromise parents' ability to consistently provide a stable and safe environment for children, maintain household tasks and routines, and respond to their children's emotional needs. Financial difficulties can also arise due to substance misuse, compounding the issues faced by the family.
National guidelines for alcohol consumption provide recommendations to reduce the lifetime risk of harm from alcohol-related disease or injury, and to reduce the risk of alcohol-related injury arising from a single occasion. In the data presented below, for lifetime risk, 'risky' refers to those who had, on average, more than 2 standard drinks per day. For single occasion risk, 'risky' refers to those who consumed more than 4 standard drinks on a single occasion.
Trend data: For all indicator displays, the yearly trend is limited to indicators with 3 or more years (including the current year) of comparable time series data. To see the trend click on “Yearly Trend” button on the display. Where 3 or more years of comparable data including the most recent year is not available, a “No time series data” message is shown on the display.
The first figure is a bar chart showing the proportion of parents with children and young people aged 0–14 who drank alcohol at risky levels, by risk status (lifetime risk, single occasion risk and lifetime or single occasion risk). Data can be selected for 2010, 2013, 2016 and 2019.
The second figure is a line graph showing the proportion of parents with children and young people aged 0–14 who drank alcohol at risky levels from 2010 to 2019. Data can be selected by risk status (lifetime risk, single occasion risk).
Indicator technical specifications
The information below provides technical specifications for the summary indicator data presented in the quick reference guide.
|Numerator||Number of parents with children aged 0-14 years who drink at levels that put them at lifetime risk of alcohol-related harm, or who drink at levels that put them at single occasion risk at least once a month||AIHW National Drug Strategy Household Survey|
|Denominator||Number of parents with children aged 0-14 years in the Census 2011 for survey years 2010 and 2013, and the Census 2016 for survey year 2016||ABS Census of Population and Housing|
Definitions of 'lifetime risk' and 'single occasion risk' are based on the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) 2009 Australian guidelines to reduce health risks from drinking alcohol guidelines.
It should be noted that these guidelines were updated in 2020 but data reported here is based on the 2009 guidelines.
Self-reported data may underestimate the number of people drinking alcohol at risky levels. Reported usage is based on the quantity of alcohol the person believed they were drinking.