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Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2021) Deaths, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 09 December 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2021). Deaths. Retrieved from https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/children-youth/deaths
Deaths. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 25 June 2021, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/children-youth/deaths
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Deaths [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2021 [cited 2022 Dec. 9]. Available from: https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/children-youth/deaths
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2021, Deaths, viewed 9 December 2022, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/children-youth/deaths
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Death rates and causes of death are well established and key indicators of the health status of a population. Cause-specific death statistics provide insights into the events that contribute to deaths and the burden of disease (AIHW 2021).
The causes of death among young people differ from those among older age groups as deaths due to chronic conditions are less prevalent for young people (AIHW 2018). Changes in the pattern of causes of death can result from changes in behaviour, exposure to disease or injury, and social and environmental circumstances, as well as data coding practices (AIHW 2018).
Deaths data are sourced from the AIHW National Mortality Database (NMD). The database comprises information about causes of death and other characteristics of the person, such as sex, age at death, area of usual residence and Indigenous status. These data are collected in Australia by the Registrars of Births, Deaths and Marriages in each state and territory. The data are then compiled nationally by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and supplemented with information from the National Coroners Information Service. The ABS codes the data according to the International Classification of Diseases and provides the data for the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare’s (AIHW’s) National Mortality Database. For more information on deaths, including adjustments for Victorian additional death registrations in 2019 see Technical notes).
In 2019, among young people aged 15–24:
Note: These data have not been adjusted for Victorian additional death registrations in 2019. See Technical notes for more details.
Source: AIHW NMD.
Over the 3-year period 2017–2019, the leading causes of deaths among young people aged 15–24 were:
In 2017–2019, just over half of all injuries (54%) were intentional injuries, 43% were unintentional, with the remaining 3.8% classified as other (including undetermined intent). Suicide was the leading single cause of death, and accounted for 37% of all deaths (AIHW 2021). See also Unintentional injuries. For intentional self‑harm injuries, see Mental illness and for homicides see Crime and violence.
The 3 leading causes of deaths were the same for males and females; however, the rate for:
Across the age groups 15–19 and 20–24, injuries, cancer and diseases of the nervous system were again the 3 leading causes of death:
(a) Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities.
Note: These data have been adjusted for Victorian additional death registrations in 2019. See Technical notes for more details.
Source: AIHW NMD.
Between 1999 and 2019, among young people aged 15–24:
Based on rate differences for 1999 and 2019:
Note: These data have not been adjusted for Victorian additional death registrations in 2019. Time series for 2017–2019 should be treated with caution. See Technical notes for more details.
Source: AIHW NMD.
In 2019, among young people aged 15–24, death rates varied across birthplace, remoteness and socioeconomic areas. The rate was:
Based on data from the World Health Organization for years 2013 to 2016, Australia’s mortality rate among young people aged 15–24 was around the mid‑way mark—20th of 38 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries at 37 per 100,000 young people (Figure 5).
Mortality rates were:
Source: World Health Organization.
For information on topics related to injury deaths in Australia’s youth, see:
For information on Indigenous young people and deaths, see:
For information on children and deaths, see:
For further detailed information on:
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2018. Australia’s health 2018. Australia’s health series no. 16. AUS 221. Canberra: AIHW. Viewed 16 April 2021.
AIHW 2021. Deaths in Australia. Cat. no. PHE 229. Canberra: AIHW. Viewed 15 May 2020.
For general technical notes relating to this report, see also Methods.
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