Health indicators are measures of aspects of health and the health system that can be used to monitor the effectiveness and impact of the health system and of specific interventions to improve health and provide effective, accessible and quality health care. 

An initial set of indicators for asthma monitoring was developed in 2000 by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare after asthma was made a National Health Priority Area in Australia in 1999. In 2004, the Australian Centre for Asthma Monitoring (ACAM) reviewed the proposed indicators under the auspices of the Australian System for Monitoring Asthma and published a set of recommended national asthma indicators. A detailed asthma data development plan was released in 2005, which outlined a range of projects that would address the data deficiencies that had been identified for the purposes of monitoring the recommended asthma indicators. 

This report reviews the outcomes of the indicator review, the lessons learnt through experience with various data sources, progress so far with asthma data development and suggests future directions for national asthma monitoring.