Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2022) Diabetes: Australian facts, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 28 November 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2022). Diabetes: Australian facts. Retrieved from https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/diabetes/diabetes
Diabetes: Australian facts. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 13 July 2022, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/diabetes/diabetes
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Diabetes: Australian facts [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2022 [cited 2022 Nov. 28]. Available from: https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/diabetes/diabetes
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2022, Diabetes: Australian facts, viewed 28 November 2022, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/diabetes/diabetes
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In 2017–18, based on measured data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) National Health Survey (NHS):
The proportion of Australian adults with high blood pressure has remained stable since 2011–12 (AIHW 2019).
Blood pressure is the force exerted by blood on the walls of the arteries, depending on whether the heart muscle is contracting (systolic blood pressure) or relaxing between contractions (diastolic blood pressure). High blood pressure, also known as raised blood pressure or hypertension, is where blood pressure is persistently higher than normal.
A person is considered to have high blood pressure if measured levels of systolic or diastolic blood pressure are high, regardless of the use of blood pressure medication.
Hypertension is commonly present among people with metabolic syndrome, including obesity, elevated blood glucose levels, insulin resistance and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels. These comorbidities, along with other risk factors, significantly increase the risk of developing diabetes (by over 2-fold) (Williams 2013).
In the ABS NHS 2017–18, persons aged 18 and over could consent to having a blood pressure measurement taken at the time of the interview. Participants who recorded a systolic blood pressure reading of 140mmHg or greater were counted as having a high blood pressure reading. Note that this only referred to the measurement at the time of the interview and does not necessarily indicate a chronic condition. For this survey, this is distinguished from 'Hypertension' which was self-reported as a long-term health condition.
The two line charts show the distribution of systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels by sex in 2017–18.
After adjusting for different population age structures:
Indigenous adults were 1.3 times more likely to have high blood pressure in 2018–19 than non-Indigenous adults (AIHW and NIAA 2020).
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) (2019) Microdata: National Health Survey, 2017–18, AIHW analysis of detailed microdata, accessed 1 December 2021.
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) (2019) High blood pressure, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 1 December 2021.
AIHW and NIAA (AIHW and National Indigenous Australians Agency) (2020) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework 2020, Measure 1.07 High blood pressure, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 1 December 2021.
Williams R (2013) Blood pressure and diabetes: a fatal attraction, European Heart Journal 34 (44): 3395-3397.
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