Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2022) Diabetes: Australian facts, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 28 November 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2022). Diabetes: Australian facts. Retrieved from https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/diabetes/diabetes
Diabetes: Australian facts. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 13 July 2022, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/diabetes/diabetes
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Diabetes: Australian facts [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2022 [cited 2022 Nov. 28]. Available from: https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/diabetes/diabetes
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2022, Diabetes: Australian facts, viewed 28 November 2022, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/diabetes/diabetes
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In 2017–18, based on the latest available measured data from the 2017–18 Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) National Health Survey (NHS):
Overweight and obesity increase the risk of chronic diseases including heart attack and stroke, and are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Excess body fat can contribute to the development of biomedical risk factors, raising levels of blood pressure and abnormal blood lipids, and increasing the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Overweight and obesity usually occur because of an imbalance between energy intake from the diet and energy expenditure through physical activities and bodily functions. This energy imbalance is influenced by a complex interplay of individual, environmental and societal determinants (AIHW 2017).
Adults with a body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2) of 25–29 are considered to be overweight but not obese, while a BMI of 30 or over is classified as obese. A separate classification of overweight and obesity based on age and sex is used for children and adolescents.
After adjusting for different population age structures over time, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Australians aged 18 and over increased by 16.5% between 1995 and 2017–18 (AIHW 2020) – driven by a 63% increase in obesity rates during this period (Figure 1).
The line chart compares the distribution of body mass index in 1995 and 2017–18, and shows that a greater proportion were overweight or obese in 2017–18.
After adjusting for different population age structures:
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) (2017) A picture of overweight and obesity in Australia, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 15 December 2021.
AIHW (2020), Overweight and obesity: an interactive insight, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 15 December 2021.
AIHW and NIAA (National Indigenous Australians Agency) (2020) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework 2020, Measure 2.22 Overweight and obesity, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 1 December 2021.
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