This report provides a summary of existing food and nutrition data relating to children and adolescents, based on the dietary guidelines for children and adolescents in Australia (Box 1; NHMRC 2003) and incorporating recommendations from the new nutrient reference values (NHMRC 2006). It brings together the most recent national nutrition-related data for children and adolescents, and in doing so creates a baseline from which to assess the outcomes of the Kids Eat, Kids Play (KEKP) survey which, at time of writing, were due for release in December 2007.