Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2016) Specialist homelessness services 2015–16, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 10 August 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2016). Specialist homelessness services 2015–16. Retrieved from https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/homelessness-services/specialist-homelessness-services-2015-16
Specialist homelessness services 2015–16. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 15 December 2016, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/homelessness-services/specialist-homelessness-services-2015-16
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Specialist homelessness services 2015–16 [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2016 [cited 2022 Aug. 10]. Available from: https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/homelessness-services/specialist-homelessness-services-2015-16
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2016, Specialist homelessness services 2015–16, viewed 10 August 2022, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/homelessness-services/specialist-homelessness-services-2015-16
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Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people continue to be over-represented in both the national homeless population and as users of specialist homelessness services (see section on Clients, services and outcomes and ). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people make up 3% of the Australian population, yet they made up 24% of those accessing specialist homelessness services in 2015–16: an estimated 61,700 clients. Indigenous status was not reported for 10% of SHS clients in 2015–16.
Indigenous clients have been supported by homelessness agencies between 2011–12 and 2015–16.
The number of Indigenous clients has been steadily increasing since the beginning of the SHS collection in 2011–12. The key trends identified over these 5 years have been:
Source: Specialist Homelessness Services Collection 2013–14 to 2015–16.
1 in 4
Indigenous clients (23%) were children aged under 10.
1 in 2
Indigenous clients (54%) were aged under 25 compared with 41% of non-Indigenous clients.
as many Indigenous female clients aged over 18 (42%, or 26,000) than male Indigenous clients (21%). By comparison, 46% of non-Indigenous clients were females over 18 and 29% were males.
Indigenous clients sought homelessness services because of a housing crisis (25%) and about 1 in 5 (22%) for the reason of domestic and family violence.
1 in 3
Indigenous clients were living as a single parent with a child or children (36%) when they approached an agency for support.
The different age structures of Indigenous and non-Indigenous clients is illustrated in Figure INDIGENOUS.1.
Source: Specialist Homelessness Services 2015–16, National Supplementary Table INDIGENOUS.1.
Indigenous clients (52%, or 32,000) needed short-term or emergency accommodation compared with 36% for non-Indigenous clients.
Note: Most needed excludes 'Other basic assistance', 'Advice/information’ and ‘Advocacy/liaison on behalf of client'.
Source: Specialist Homelessness Services 2014–15, National Supplementary Table INDIGENOUS.3.
For Indigenous clients who had ended support:
Source: Specialist Homelessness Hervices 2015–16, National Supplementary Table INDIGENOUS.4.
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