Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2017) Deaths in Australian hospitals 2014–15., AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 05 December 2021
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2017). Deaths in Australian hospitals 2014–15. Retrieved from https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/hospitals/deaths-in-australian-hospitals-2014-15
Deaths in Australian hospitals 2014–15. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 10 March 2017, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/hospitals/deaths-in-australian-hospitals-2014-15
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Deaths in Australian hospitals 2014–15 [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2017 [cited 2021 Dec. 5]. Available from: https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/hospitals/deaths-in-australian-hospitals-2014-15
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2017, Deaths in Australian hospitals 2014–15, viewed 5 December 2021, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/hospitals/deaths-in-australian-hospitals-2014-15
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Information on patient deaths in public and private hospitals for the period 1 July 2014 to 30 June 2015, and comparative information for the previous 10 years.
About 82% of deaths in hospital occurred in public hospitals
There were more male deaths in hospital (55%) than female deaths in hospital (45%)
The average length of stay before dying in hospital was 10.6 days, compared with 2.8 days for all hospital separations
Since 2005–06, more than 93% of deaths in hospital were for patients aged 50 or over
Figure 6 illustrates the five most common disease groups reported as principal diagnoses, in ICD-10-AM chapters (Box 2); they accounted for 79% (60,791) of deaths in hospital, compared with 32% of all separations (Figure 6). More than two-thirds (67%, 51,124) of deaths in hospital had one of three common disease groups: Neoplasms (31%, 23,769), Diseases of the circulatory system (20%, 15,308), or Diseases of the respiratory system (16%, 12,047).
It should be noted that admitted patient care data does not include information on cause of death, and the principal diagnosis may not have been the cause of death.
Box 2: What is the principal diagnosis and ICD-10-AM?
The principal diagnosis is the diagnosis established after study to be chiefly responsible for occasioning the patient's episode of admitted patient care.
In 2014–15, principal diagnoses were reported using the Eighth edition of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification (ICD-10-AM). ICD-10-AM groups together similar conditions, organised in a hierarchy of chapters (for example, grouping diseases or disorders that affect certain body systems), subchapters and specific categories.
The 3 most common specific principal diagnoses represented 15% of all deaths in hospital in 2014–15—Malignant neoplasm of bronchus and lung (5.1%, 3,936), Pneumonia, organism unspecified (5.1%, 3,903) and Heart failure (4.8%, 3,653) (Figure 7). The 20 most common individual principal diagnoses accounted for 52% (40,138) of deaths in hospitals.
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