Housing plays a critical role in the health and wellbeing of Australians. Affordable and safe housing can help people avoid housing stress, which improves household wellbeing. Housing assistance can provide support by providing access to social housing (such as rental housing below market rates) and targeted financial assistance (such as rent or home purchase assistance).

Data in this report are primarily sourced from the AIHW National Housing Assistance Data Repository. Compiled and managed by the AIHW, this repository contains data from the public housing (PH), state owned and managed Indigenous housing (SOMIH), community housing (CH) and Indigenous community housing (ICH) collections. Administrative data from financial assistance programs—private rental and home purchase assistance— is also included.

Key results from Housing assistance in Australia 2020 include:

Dwellings. 70% of social housing dwellings were in public housing.
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Occupants of social housing. 48% of occupants in community housing were between 25-64 years of age.
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Social housing households. Social housing households have steadily decreased from 4.7% to 4.3%, between 2010 and 2019.
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Suitability of dwelling size. 80% of households were residing in dwellings that were adequate for their household composition. 5% were overcrowded and 16% were underutilised.
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Wait time for greatest need households. 72% of greateds need households that were newly allocated to public housing in 2018-19 were allocated within 1 year of application.
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Financial assistance. 1.29 million income units received Commonwealth Rent Assistance. 91,800 households received Private Rent Assistance. 42,500 received Home Purchase Assistance.
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All data are available in the data tables, organised by topics.

This report also contains a state and territory data visualisation with key information about housing assistance at the national and state and territory levels.

For further information about the social housing and financial assistance collections, see the Data quality statements.

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