This bulletin presents analysis of the labour force participation and employment levels among public rental housing tenants in Australia. Using the AIHW National Housing Assistance Data Repository and results from the National Social Housing Survey of public rental housing tenants, we analyse the differences between those households who are currently engaged in work versus those who are not. Secondly, we discuss the different influences that tenants purport for not working full time and identify how these vary depending on a tenant's particular circumstances. We also examine why tenants may not be participating in the labour force: either partially or not at all. Overall, the bulletin provides valuable information for policy makers and researchers alike, highlighting the complex issues surrounding the economic participation of public rental housing tenants.