Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2021) Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia annual report., AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 28 January 2022
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2021). Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia annual report. Retrieved from https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/alcohol-other-drug-treatment-services/alcohol-other-drug-treatment-services-australia
Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia annual report. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 16 July 2021, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/alcohol-other-drug-treatment-services/alcohol-other-drug-treatment-services-australia
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia annual report [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2021 [cited 2022 Jan. 28]. Available from: https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/alcohol-other-drug-treatment-services/alcohol-other-drug-treatment-services-australia
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2021, Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia annual report, viewed 28 January 2022, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/alcohol-other-drug-treatment-services/alcohol-other-drug-treatment-services-australia
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In 2019–20, alcohol was reported as a drug of concern in almost half (45%) of all closed treatment episodes, either as a principal or additional drug of concern:
Alcohol dependence and harm
Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant that inhibits brain functions, dampens the motor and sensory centres, and makes judgment, coordination and balance more difficult (NDARC 2010).
The Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) developed by the World Health Organisation identifies people whose substance use may be causing them harm. High scores indicate a possible substance dependence issue while moderate scores indicate substance use that maybe harmful or hazardous to the person’s health. The ASSIST-Lite is an abridged version of the ASSIST and was incorporated into the NDSHS in 2019 to estimate how many people show signs of substance dependence or a pattern of use which may be hazardous to their health.
Results from the 2019 National Drug Strategy Household Survey (NDSHS) (AIHW 2020) showed that:
In 2019–20, 42,426 clients received treatment for alcohol as a principal drug of concern; around two-thirds of these clients were male (65%) and 1 in 6 were Indigenous Australians (18%) (tables SC.6, SC.8).
For clients whose principal drug of concern was alcohol:
The butterfly bar graph shows clients with a principal drug of concern of alcohol were most likely to be aged 30–49 in 2019–20. This pattern was similar for both male (51%) and female (50%) clients.
Over the 10-year period to 2019–20 where alcohol was the principal drug of concern (Figure ALCOHOL2):
The line graph shows that where alcohol was the principal drug of concern, counselling remained the most common main treatment type, fluctuating from 42% in 2010–11 to 45% in 2013–14 and 38% in 2019–20. Withdrawal management was the second most common main treatment type across most years, ranging from 16% in 2010–11 to 18% in 2017–18. Assessment only replaced Withdrawal management as the second most common main treatment type in 2019–20 and 2018–19. .
Treatment setting and reason for cessation varied somewhat by treatment type and source of referral. For alcohol-related treatment episodes in 2019–20 (Table SD.28):
For more information on the groupings for reasons for cessation of treatment, see Technical notes.
See reference list.
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