The Burden of Vaccine Preventable Diseases in Australia study (BVPD study) was undertaken to further investigate the burden due to vaccine preventable diseases (VPD) in Australia. The analysis responds to the following broad questions:
- What is the current burden due to VPD in Australia and how has it changed over time?
- How does the burden vary by sex, across age groups, for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and by states and territories?
How do you measure burden of disease?
Burden of disease uses a summary measure called a 'disability-adjusted life year' (DALY). This measure combines the fatal and non-fatal burden of disease to describe the overall burden. One DALY represents 1 year of healthy life lost, either through premature death or from living with illness or injury.
For more information on the methods used, refer to 'The burden of vaccine preventable diseases in Australia' report.
Which vaccine preventable diseases caused the most burden?
As a group, the 17 VPD were responsible for almost 16,000 DALY in 2015. Premature death (fatal burden) accounted for 80% of this burden.
Influenza contributed more than one-third of the total VPD burden (5,674 DALY, 36%) in 2015, followed by pneumococcal disease (3,793 DALY, 24%) and human papillomavirus (HPV) (3,710 DALY, 24%).