1.08 Cancer

This measure reports on the incidence, mortality and hospitalisations for selected cancers and for all cancers combined.

Why is it important?

Indigenous Australians have a higher rate of death due to cancer, and higher incidence of certain screen detectable cancers, and many preventable cancers. They are also diagnosed at more advanced stages, and often with more complex comorbidities (Cunningham et al. 2008).

Related measures

Data sources

  • Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey
  • Australian Cancer Database
  • Australian Health Survey
  • Family Medicine Research Centre, University of Sydney, BEACH data
  • National Hospital Morbidity Database
  • National Mortality data


  • Cunningham J, Rumbold A, Zhang X & Condon J 2008. Incidence, aetiology, and outcomes of cancer in Indigenous peoples in Australia. The Lancet Oncology 9:585–95.