1.14 Disability

This measure reports on the prevalence of disability among Indigenous Australians, including children with special needs and users of disability support services.

Why is it important?

Disability might be an impairment of body structure or function, a limitation in activities or a restriction in a person’s participation in specific activities. Indigenous Australians are at greater risk of disability due to increased exposure to factors such as low birthweight, chronic disease, infectious diseases, injury and substance use (AHMAC 2017).

Data sources

  • Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey
  • Census of Population and Housing
  • Disability Services National Minimum Data Set
  • General Social Survey
  • National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey


  • Australian Health Minister’s Advisory Committee 2017. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework 2017 report. Canberra: AHMAC.