2.06 Educational participation and attainment of adults

This measure reports on the educational participation and educational attainment of Indigenous Australians.

Why is it important?

This measure reports on educational participation by adults (undertaking formal education or training) and educational attainment (completion of a particular level of school education or non‑school qualification). Adult learning is a powerful tool in achieving better health, education and economic outcomes (Chandola & Jenkins 2014). The employment gap between Indigenous and non‑Indigenous Australians declines as the level of education attainment increases. The transition from education to work is usually smoother for vocational education and training (VET) and university graduates, and salaries are higher than for those who enter the workforce directly from school (Lamb & McKenzie 2001).

Related measures

Data sources

  • Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey
  • Australian Health Survey
  • General Social Survey
  • Higher Education Statistics Collection
  • National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey
  • National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey
  • National Health Survey
  • National VET Provider Collection


  • Chandola T & Jenkins A 2014. The scope of adult and further education for reducing health inequalities. London: British Academy.
  • Lamb S & McKenzie P 2001. Patterns of success and failure in the transition from school to work in Australia. Longitudinal surveys of Australian youth. Melbourne: Australian Council of Education Research.