2.12 Child protection

This measure reports on children who were in the child protection system: the subject of a substantiated notification; on care and protection orders; and in out-of-home care.

Why is it important?

This measure reports on the number and rate for children who were the subject of substantiated child protection notifications, on care and protection orders, and in out‑of‑home care.

Maltreatment (physical, emotional and psychological abuse, neglect, sexual abuse and witnessing family violence) during childhood has serious and long‑term effects on social and emotional wellbeing and health (Emerson et al. 2015).

Related measures

Data sources

  • Child Protection Collection
  • National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey


  • Emerson L, Fox S & Smith S 2015. Good beginnings: getting it right in the early years. Review of the evidence on the importance of a healthy start to life and on interventions to promote good beginnings: a report prepared for the Lowitja Institute. Melbourne: The Lowitja Institute.