2.13 Transport

This measure reports on the use of transport, including walking, public transport, access to motor vehicles, and perceived difficulty with transport.

Why is it important?

This measure reports on the use of transport, including walking, access to motor vehicles and perceived difficulty with transport for Indigenous Australians. Transport is key to enabling access to health care, goods and services, and supports Indigenous people to achieve education and employment outcomes and maintain cultural obligations to travel to family commitments (Helps et al. 2010; Ivers et al. 2016). Indigenous Australians face various barriers to accessing appropriate health care, including logistics, cost and reliability of transport options (Lee et al. 2014). Having limited or no public transport options significantly affects the capacity to access health care, particularly for patients with chronic health conditions (Teng et al. 2014), those needing birthing services (Parker et al. 2014), and those in rural and remote areas (Kelly et al. 2014).

Related measures

Data sources

  • General Social Survey
  • National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey
  • National Health Survey


  • Helps Y, Moodie D & Warman G 2010. Aboriginal people travelling well: community report. Melbourne: The Lowitja Institute.
  • Ivers RQ, Hunter K, Clapham K, Helps Y, Senserrick T, Byrne J et al. 2016. Driver licensing: descriptive epidemiology of a social determinant of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 40:377–82.
  • Lee K, Harrison K, Mills K & Conigrave KM 2014. Needs of Aboriginal Australian women with comorbid mental and alcohol and other drug use disorders. Drug and Alcohol Review 33:473–81.
  • Teng T‑HK, Katzenellenbogen JM, Hung J, Matthew K, Sanfilippo FM, Geelhoed E et al. 2014. Rural–urban differentials in 30‑day and 1‑year mortality following first‑ever heart failure hospitalisation in Western Australia: a population‑based study using data linkage. BMJ Open 4:e004724.
  • Kelly J, Dwyer J, Willis E & Pekarsky B 2014. Travelling to the city for hospital care: access factors in country Aboriginal patient journeys. Australian Journal of Rural Health 22:109–13.