The 'Indigenous housing needs 2005--a multi-measure needs model' report is the Institute's first report to assess Indigenous housing needs with the use of a multi-measure needs model. The report presents data on the five endorsed dimensions of need-homelessness, overcrowding, affordability, dwelling conditions and connection to essential services. It also assesses the feasibility of including an additional three dimensions in the model-appropriateness of housing, security of tenure and emerging housing needs. The report also compares housing outcomes of Indigenous and non-Indigenous households for all the relevant dimensions. It demonstrates a significant level of housing need among Indigenous households for most of the dimensions examined. The report also shows that serious disparities exist between Indigenous and non-Indigenous housing in Australia. The report also discusses future data development needs and priorities. The report is a useful resource for policy makers, administrators, Indigenous people and researchers with an interest in Indigenous housing issues.