- There is limited Australian evaluation evidence on the school-based factors that increase student engagement and contribute to an effective learning environment. There are however, some common themes that emerge on processes and strategies that contribute to a positive learning environment.
- The common characteristics of schools that are more effective for Indigenous students include:
- strong and effective school leadership
- a positive school culture that encourages care and safety among students and staff, as well as a positive sense of Indigenous student identity
- teachers with the skills and knowledge to effectively engage and develop relationships with Indigenous students
- high levels of community involvement in the planning and delivery of school processes, priorities and curricula.
What doesn’t work
- A school culture that is unwelcoming, fails to support Indigenous students, and does not value Indigenous culture.
- Inadequate teacher training for teaching in a cross-cultural, bilingual situation.
- Low performance expectations of Indigenous students.
- Limited or no Indigenous parent and community involvement in schooling processes.
What we don’t know
- In what ways a school’s leadership can foster an effective learning environment for Indigenous students at school.
- The number of high-quality teachers working in Indigenous schools and which characteristics of quality teachers are most effective for improving student outcomes.
- Which aspects of school engagement matter most in learning outcomes.
How are Indigenous students performing at school?
- Reading and numeracy
- Year 12 or an equivalent attainment rates
Importance of attendance
- Student engagement
- Factors effecting school attendance and engagement
School-wide approaches to creating an effective learning environment
- School leadership
- School culture
- Quality teachers
- School curriculum
Family and community involvement
End matter: References; Acknowledgements; Abbreviations; Terminology; Funding; Suggested citation; Copyright