1.20 Infant & child mortality

This measure reports on mortality rates of Indigenous infants and children aged 0 to 4.

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Why is it important?

This measure reports on the death rates of Indigenous infants and children aged 0–4 years, by cause of death. Infant mortality is a long established measure of child health, as well as the overall health of the population, and its physical and social environment (AHMAC 2017).

Related measures

Data sources

  • National Mortality Database
  • Causes of Death, Australia
  • National Perinatal Data Collection
  • New Zealand Ministry of Health Fetal and Infant Deaths
  • U.S. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, National Centre for Health Statistics Infant mortality statistics


  • AHMAC 2017. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework 2017 report. Canberra: AHMAC.