2.22 Overweight and obesity

This measure reports on the prevalence of Indigenous Australians who are overweight or obese.

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Why is it important?

This measure reports on the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Indigenous Australians. Overweight and obesity is a global health problem (OECD 2014). Being overweight or obese increases the risk of various health conditions, including coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, some cancers, respiratory problems, joint problems, sleep disorders, and social problems. The excess burden of obesity in the Indigenous population is estimated to explain 1 to 3 years (9% to 17%) of the life expectancy gap between Indigenous and non‑Indigenous Australians in the Northern Territory (Zhao et al. 2013).

Related measures

Data sources

  • Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey
  • Australian Health Survey
  • National Key Performance Indicators for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Primary Health Care

References

  • OECD 2014. Obesity update. OECD Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs. Paris: OECD Publishing.
  • Zhao Y, Wright J, Begg S & Guthridge S 2013. Decomposing Indigenous life expectancy gap by risk factors: a life table analysis. Population health metrics 11:1.