3.04 Early detection and early treatment

This measure reports on the early detection and early treatment of disease, measured by health assessment and screening.

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Why is it important?

This measure reports on the early detection and early treatment of disease. Early detection is the discovery of a disease or condition at an early stage, usually before symptoms occur. This means Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) health assessment items for Indigenous Australians encourage early detection, diagnosis and intervention for common and treatable conditions that cause morbidity and early mortality. Screening programs are designed to detect cancer early (breast and bowel) or prevent its occurrence in the first place by detecting pre‑cancerous changes (bowel and cervical) (AHMAC 2017; AIHW 2016d).

Related measures

Data sources

  • Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey
  • BreastScreen Australia
  • Medicare Data
  • National Key Performance Indicators for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Primary Health Care Data Collection

References

  • AHMAC 2017. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework 2017 report. Canberra: AHMAC.
  • AIHW 2016d. BreastScreen Australia monitoring report 2013–2014. Cancer series no. 100. Cat. no. CAN 99. Canberra: AIHW.