Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2019) The health of Australia’s males, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 18 August 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2019). The health of Australia’s males. Retrieved from https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/men-women/male-health
The health of Australia’s males. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 10 December 2019, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/men-women/male-health
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. The health of Australia’s males [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2019 [cited 2022 Aug. 18]. Available from: https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/men-women/male-health
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2019, The health of Australia’s males, viewed 18 August 2022, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/men-women/male-health
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Life expectancy is expressed as either the number of years a newborn baby is expected to live, or the expected years of life remaining for a person at a given age.
Chart: AIHW. Source: AIHW 2019b.
Australian males born in 2015–2017 can expect to live 33 years longer than males born in 1881–1890.
Life expectancy at birth in Australia has improved dramatically for both sexes in the last century, and shows some variation between population groups (ABS 2018b, AIHW 2019b, OECD 2019):
For more information see: Deaths in Australia: Life expectancy.
Health Adjusted Life Expectancy (HALE) reflects the length of time an individual at a specific age could, on average, expect to live in full health. It can be measured at any age but is typically reported:
Life expectancy in Australia for males born in 2015 was 80.4 years, while the average number of healthy years (HALE) for these babies was 71.5 years. The difference between life expectancy and HALE (that is, the time expected in less than full health) was 8.9 years. This means that males could expect to spend 89% of their lives in full heath.
While males born in 2015 are expected, on average, to live 4.2 years shorter than females, they are also expected to have 2.9 less years of healthy life than females.
Life expectancy in 2015 for men aged 65 was 19.6—that is, they could expect to live to the age of 84.6. At age 65, men could expect on average 15 healthy years of life and 4.6 years in less than full health.
Between 2003 and 2015, life expectancy and HALE at birth increased for males. Males gained 2.3 years in life expectancy (from 78.1 years in 2003 to 80.4 in 2015) and 2.0 years in HALE (from 69.5 to 71.5 years) (AIHW 2019a).
For more information see: Australian Burden of Disease Study: Impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2015
Mortality data, such as premature deaths, potentially avoidable deaths and mortality rates can help in understanding death and the fatal burden of disease in the population at a point in time.
Monitoring causes of death helps to measure the health status of a population. Causes of death can be used to:
In 2017, 82,858 Australian males died (AIHW 2019b). The median age at death was 78 years and the leading cause of death was coronary heart disease (12.7%), followed by lung cancer (5.9%) and Dementia and Alzheimer disease (5.9%). Causes of death varied by age group (Figure 17) (AIHW 2019b).
For more information see Deaths in Australia.
Chart: AIHW. Source: AIHW 2019b (see Table S14).
Note: Disease rankings exclude ‘other‘ residual conditions from each disease group; for example, ‘other musculoskeletal conditions’.
Chart: AIHW. Source: AIHW 2019b (see Table S15 for footnotes).
In 2017, males accounted for 3 in 5 (62%) premature deaths. Mortality rates varied between population groups (AIHW 2019c):
For more information see: Mortality Over Regions and Time.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2008. National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. ABS cat. no. 4326.0. Canberra: ABS.
ABS 2018a. National Health Survey: First results 2017–18. ABS cat. no. 4364.0.55.001. Canberra: ABS.
ABS 2018b. Life Tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2015–2017. ABS cat. no. 3302.0.55.003. Canberra: ABS.
ABS 2019. Microdata: National Health Survey, 2017-18, detailed microdata, DataLab. ABS cat no. 4324.0.55.001. Canberra: ABS. Findings based on AIHW analysis of ABS microdata.
Australian Health Ministers’ Advisory Council 2017. National Strategic Framework for Chronic Conditions. Canberra: Australian Government.
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2018 Cancer Data in Australia. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW 2019a. Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2015. Australian Burden of Disease series no.19. Cat. no. BOD 22. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW 2019b. Deaths in Australia. Cat. no. PHE 229. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW 2019c. Mortality Over Regions and Time (MORT) books. Cat. no. PHE 229. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW 2019d. Mental health services in Australia: in brief 2019. Cat.no. HSE 228. Canberra: AIHW.
Kirby Institute 2018. HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia: annual Surveillance report 2018. Sydney: Kirby Institute.
Lawrence D, Johnson S, Hafekost J, Boterhoven De Haan K, Sawyer M, Ainley J, Zubrick SR (2015) The Mental Health of Children and Adolescents. Report on the second Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. Department of Health, Canberra
Morgan VA, Waterreus A, Jablensky A, Mackinnon A, McGrath JJ, Carr V et. al 2011. People living with psychotic illness 2010. Report on the second Australian national survey. Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing: Canberra.
OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) 2019. Life expectancy at birth (indicator). doi: 10.1787/27e0fc9d-en. Viewed 4 September 2019.
Schlichthorst M, Sanci LA and Hocking JS 2016. Health and lifestyle factors associated with sexual difficulties in men – results from a study of Australian men aged 18 to 55 years. BMC Public Health, 16:3, 1043.
WHO 2019a. Sexual and reproductive health: defining sexual health. Geneva: WHO. Viewed 11 July 2019.
WHO 2019b. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): Key facts. Geneva: WHO. Viewed 25 March 2019
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