Table of contents

  • Summary
  • 1 Introduction
    • 1.1 What are potentially preventable hospitalisations?
      • PPH and health inequality
      • A closer look at who is more vulnerable to PPH
    • 1.2 Methods
      • Categories of potentially preventable hospitalisations
      • Data analysis
  • 2 Potentially preventable hospitalisations: the big picture
    • 2.1 Vaccine-preventable conditions
      • Pneumonia and influenza (vaccine-preventable): most PPH for vaccine-preventable conditions were due to influenza
      • Hepatitis B
      • Other vaccine-preventable conditions (excluding hepatitis B): rates of PPH for childhood vaccine-preventable conditions remained low
    • 2.2 Acute conditions
      • Infections
      • Dental conditions
      • Convulsions and epilepsy
    • 2.3 Chronic conditions
      • Congestive heart failure, COPD and type 2 diabetes accounted for half of the PPH for Chronic conditions
      • Chronic conditions in children
      • Better management of iron deficiency anaemia
      • Decreasing rates of PPH for angina—the effect of changing diagnostic tools
    • 2.4 Seasonal variation in PPH
  • 3 Variation in potentially preventable hospitalisations by sex and age
    • 3.1 PPH variation by sex
      • Indigenous males and females have different patterns of PPH
    • 3.2 PPH variation by age
      • Infants and children were most likely to have PPH for acute conditions
      • Half of the PPH for people aged 15–64 were for acute conditions; PPH for chronic conditions became more common with increasing age
      • Most PPH for people aged 65 and over were for chronic conditions
  • 4 Indigenous Australians
    • 4.1 Total PPH for Indigenous Australians
    • 4.2 Vaccine-preventable conditions among Indigenous Australians
    • 4.3 Acute conditions among Indigenous Australians
    • 4.4 Chronic conditions among Indigenous Australians
    • 4.5 The health gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians
  • 5 Socioeconomic disadvantage and remoteness
  • 6 Discussion and future directions
    • Main findings
    • Are hospitalisations preventable in older people?
    • Are hospitalisations preventable in children?
    • PPH among Indigenous Australians
    • Socioeconomic disadvantage and remoteness
    • Future analysis
    • Improving the utility of the PPH indicator
  • Appendix
    • National Hospital Morbidity Database
    • Comparability over time
    • Principal and additional diagnoses
    • Geography
    • Age-standardisation
  • Acknowledgments
  • Abbreviations
  • Glossary
  • References
  • List of tables
  • List of figures
  • Related publications