Releases

This section provides links to research papers, articles and other information developed by the AIHW, collaborators of the AIHW and other subject matter experts. These resources provide more comprehensive discussion and context, and are useful when interpreting the Suicide & self-harm monitoring data.

Featured reports

Evaluation of the National Suicide and Self-harm Monitoring Project and System|Final Report

 

Authors: 
Anna Flego
Georgia Dempster
Tessa Cutler
Associate Professor Jo Robinson
Professor Jane Pirkis

 

26 July 2022

The University of Melbourne was commissioned by the AIHW to undertake an evaluation of the National Suicide and Self-Harm Monitoring Project and System.

This Final Evaluation Report provides an overview of evaluation activities conducted between May 2020 and December 2021.

The purpose of the evaluation was to assess the development of the System, as well as the initial performance and effectiveness of the System. Evaluation findings shall inform future quality improvements of the System.

Download executive summary 

PDF | 215 KB

Download final report 

PDF | 980 KB

Social and economic factors associated with suicide in Australia: a focus on individual income

 

Authors: 
Professor Nicholas Biddle
Dinith Marasinghe
Lucy Ellen

26 July 2022

 

The Australian National University’s Centre for Social Research and Methods (CSRM) was commissioned by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) to conduct further analysis on social and economic factors associated with suicide using the Multi-Agency Data Integration (MADIP) linked data asset.

This work produced a regression model including income level, income uncertainty, and unemployment associated with death by suicide.

This report has accompanying data tables.

Download REPORT

PDF | 560 KB

 

Suicide mortality in Australia: Estimating and projecting monthly variation and trends from 2007 to 2018 and beyond

 

Authors: 
Professor Nicholas Biddle
Lucy Ellen
Associate Professor Rosemary Korda
Dr Karuna Reddy

28 September 2020

Addendum: 9 December 2021

In analysing trends in suicide rates it is important to assess whether changes are genuine or whether they simply reflect expected data variation. In other OECD countries such as the US and the UK it is common practice to assess whether changes in suicide rates are statistically significant. In this paper Biddle et al. assess the statistical properties of the monthly suicide rate in Australia from 2007 to 2018. Over this whole period suicide rates rose nationally and in New South Wales, Queensland and Western Australia but were flat in other jurisdictions. The authors show that nationally, suicide rates were fairly steady from 2007 to 2010 but rose from 2010 to 2015 and have shown no clear trend since 2015. Overall, this pattern is quite similar for males and females however, death rates for males appear to have been approximately 3 times greater than for females at any given point in time. The authors also find clear seasonal patterns with January and February having the highest suicide rates and April to July having the lowest rates.

The addendum provides a descriptive comparison of the monthly forecasted deaths for the period of January 2019 till November 2019 from Biddle, Ellen, Korda and Reddy, with preliminary suicide deaths data for this same period, adjusted for the expected revisions process.

This report has accompanying data tables.

Download REPORT

PDF | 4 MB

Download ADDENDUM

PDF | 300 KB

Australian suicide and hospitalised self-harm monitoring data: A Scoping review of analytic methods used within the peer reviewed literature

 

Authors: 

 

Lucy Ellen
Professor Nicholas Biddle

 

9 December 2021

This scoping review identifies and describes the peer reviewed academic literature that uses Australian suicide and hospitalised self-harm monitoring data. The aim was to outline the analytic strategies authors use to draw meanings from this monitoring data, with a particular focus on change across time and spatial variance of suicide and hospitalised self-harm.

 

This report has accompanying data tables.

 

Download REPORT

PDF | 696 KB

Patterns of suicide in the context of COVID-19: Evidence from three Australian states

 

Authors: 

Dr Angela Clapperton
Associate Professor Matthew Spittal
Dr Jeremy Dwyer
Dr Andrew Garrett
Dr Kairi Kõlves
Dr Stuart Leske
Ciara Millar
Bronwen Edwards
Professor Jane Pirkis

8 December 2021

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) commissioned the University of Melbourne to conduct a study investigating whether there has been a change in the number of suicides occurring overall and in age and sex subgroups since the COVID-19 pandemic began. It also examined whether particular risk factors for suicide (namely relationship breakdown, financial stressors, unemployment, and homelessness) become more prominent as contributing factors for suicide during the pandemic.

 

Download REPORT

PDF | 450 KB

Consultations

National  Suicide and Self-Harm Monitoring Project and System|Data Requirements for the Portal

 

Authors: 

Phillippa Butt
Matthew Phillips
Johnny Chen
John Kershaw
Janey McGoldrick

26 July 2022

The AIHW contracted SAS Institute Australia and the Black Dog Institute, to conduct consultations with PHNs to identify key data priorities for the Suicide and self-harm monitoring system secure portal.

Feedback received included themes around data on risk factors leading up to a suicide, geocoded data at a finer level, and providing excel documents for further data analysis. These ideas were incorporated into the release of the portal in December and will inform continuous improvement of the System.

 

Download REPORT

PDF | 4.5 MB

Related publications

National Surveillance System for Alcohol and Other Drug Misuse and Overdose

The National Ambulance Surveillance System (NASS-AOD) is a novel surveillance system for alcohol and other drug related ambulance attendances. This is a collaborative project between Turning Point and jurisdictional ambulance services. The project has been funded by the Commonwealth Department of Health and the Victorian Department of Human Services (Victorian data).

The AOD related ambulance attendances reported by Turning Point provided the basis for the suicide and self-harm related ambulance attendances reporting that is included in Suicide and self-harm monitoring. These reports are provided for context.

National Surveillance System for Alcohol and Other Drug Misuse and Overdose: January – December 2019 Data

Author: Moayeri et al.
Release Date: July 2020

Download REPORT

PDF | 4.1MB

National Surveillance System for Alcohol and Other Drug Misuse and Overdose: January – December 2018 Data

Author: Moayeri et al. 2019
Release Date: September 2019

Download REPORT

PDF | 4.3MB

National Surveillance System for Alcohol and Other Drug Misuse and Overdose: January - December 2017 data

Author: Moayeri et al. 2018
Release Date: August 2018

Download REPORT

PDF | 3.6MB

National Surveillance System for Alcohol and Other Drug Misuse and Overdose: January - December 2016 data

Author: Faulkner et al. 2017
Release Date: September 2017

Download REPORT

PDF | 3.1MB