Though many Indigenous Australian children grow up in safe homes and live in safe communities, there are others who do not. These children can experience childhood trauma through distressing life events, such as illness and accidents, family hospitalisation or death, family violence, family disintegration, and financial stress, as well as the inter-generational trauma of past events. Experiencing trauma in childhood can have severe and long-lasting effects, but these effects can be overcome though appropriate interventions. This resource sheet examines the impact of trauma and how it can be addressed. The paper focuses on the design and delivery of trauma-informed and trauma-specific children's services and care.