Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as the presence of impaired or reduced kidney function lasting at least 3 months. A person who has the most severe form of CKD, end-stage kidney disease, usually requires a kidney transplant or dialysis to survive. CKD is more common than is widely knowing, affecting 1 in 10 Australians adults (1.7 million people) and contributing to 1 in 9 deaths. The elderly, Indigenous Australians and people living in remote and socioeconomically disadvantaged areas are at an increased risk of CKD.

More reports and statistics relating to chronic kidney disease can be found under Chronic disease, Diabetes and Heart, stroke & vascular disease.