Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as the presence of impaired or reduced kidney function lasting at least 3 months. A person who has the most severe form of CKD, end-stage kidney disease, usually requires a kidney transplant or dialysis to survive. The elderly, Indigenous Australians and people living in remote and socioeconomically disadvantaged areas are at an increased risk of CKD.

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Latest findings

Self-reported heart, stroke and vascular disease rates ranged from 2.9% to 8.4% across Primary Health Networks

By Primary Health Network, type 2 diabetes rates were generally higher in regional than in metropolitan areas

The highest chronic kidney disease hospitalisation rate by Population Health Area was 23 times the national average

In 2018, there were 16,800 CKD-related deaths— 79% had CKD listed as an associated cause

An estimated 1 in 10 Australian adults (10%)—about 1.7 million people in 2011–12—had biomedical signs of CKD

1.8 million hospitalisations were associated with CKD in 2017–18—16% of all hospitalisations in Australia