Reports

Featured reports

Latest reports

Hospitalised injury and socioeconomic influence in Australia 2015–16 

This report examined the associations between socioeconomic status and injury morbidity in Australia and looked at the effects of SES on hospitalised injury cases by age, sex, Indigenous status and by a selection of external causes of injury. Overall, the results showed that the effects of SES varied. Generally speaking, rates of hospitalised injury were higher among people from the lowest (most disadvantaged) SES category compared with rates among people from the highest (most advantaged) SES category.

Injury of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people due to transport, 2010–11 to 2014–15 

The age-standardised rate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people was 2.7 times the rate for non-Indigenous Australians for fatal cases and 1.3 times the rate for non-Indigenous Australians for serious injuries. Age-standardised rates of fatal and serious land transport injury increased with the remoteness of the person’s usual residence, regardless of Indigenous status. Fatal and serious injury rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people did not change significantly. 

Spinal cord injury Australia, 2015–16 

In 2015–16, 253 newly incident cases of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) due to external causes were reported to the Australian Spinal Cord Injury Register. Males accounted for 80% of traumatic SCI cases. Almost half (48%) of the traumatic SCI cases sustained in 2015–16 were due to a fall. A further 39% were due to a land transport crash.

Hospitalised injury among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2011–12 to 2015–16 

Indigenous people were hospitalised as a result of an injury at an average of 23,000 cases per year over the 5-year period 2011–12 to 2015–16. Rates of injury were much higher overall among Indigenous Australians (3,596 per 100,000 population) compared to non-Indigenous Australians (1,874 per 100,000 population) and the rate of injury among Indigenous females was twice that of non-Indigenous females.

Use of emergency department data to enhance routine injury surveillance: technical report, 2013–14 

This report examines routinely collected national data on injury cases that attended a public hospital emergency department in Australia in 2013–14 and describes and illustrates possible applications of the data for injury surveillance. Use of different coding systems made identification of injury cases difficult in some instances. The data did not include a field for external cause of injury which markedly reduced the value of the data for injury surveillance. Despite these limitations, and while linked data studies are needed to provide a more complete assessment of emergency department injury data, the results reported here nevertheless suggest that the source has value for injury surveillance.

Electrical injuries, deaths and hospitalisations 2014–15 and 2015–16 

A total of 1,065 people hospitalised between 1 July 2014 and 30 June 2016 had sustained an electrical injury, and 55 people died as a result of electrocution or lightning strike. Almost half of people hospitalised with an electrical injury occurred while the person was in paid work (497 cases or 47%), and a further 150 people sustained an electrical injury while doing unpaid work (14%).

Hip fracture incidence and hospitalisations in Australia 2015–16 

In 2015–16, there were an estimated 18,746 new hip fractures in Australia, a crude rate of 199 hip fractures per 100,000 population aged 45 and over. This represents a decline in the rate of hip fractures over time, suggesting that measures to reduce risk factors and prevent falls are having an effect.

Trends in injury deaths, Australia 1999–00 to 2014–15 

This report focuses on trends in deaths due to injury and poisoning that occurred over the period 1999–00 to 2014–15. The age-standardised rate of injury deaths decreased from 55.4 to 47.2 deaths per 100,000 between 1999–00 and 2004–05 and changed little after that. Rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were generally at least twice as high as rates for non-Indigenous Australians over the period from 2001–02 to 2014–15.

Hospitalised assault injuries among men and boys 

This fact sheet examines cases of hospitalised assault against men in 2014–15. Almost 13,000 men and boys were hospitalised as a result of an assault. Rates of assault were highest at 20–24 years. Over half (61%) of all men and boys were assaulted by bodily force. The most common injury as a result of an assault was a fracture (40%). Half (53%) of all hospitalised assault injury cases involving men and boys had an unspecified person listed as the perpetrator. In cases where the perpetrator was specified, about two-thirds (64%, or 3,720) of hospitalised assault injuries were perpetrated by a person known to the victim.

Hospitalised injury due to land transport crashes 

This fact sheet focuses on hospitalised cases where a person was injured in an unintentional crash involving types of transport that operate on land. In 2014–15, nearly 57,000 people were hospitalised as the result of injuries sustained in land transport crashes. Of the cases where the crash location was specified, around 36,000 (64%) occurred in on-road crashes, and over 14,000 (26%) happened off-road. 

The fact sheet contains information about hospitalised injury cases due to land-transport crashes, particularly those that occurred on-road. This includes characteristics such as age and sex, type of road user and the main body regions affected.

Trends in hospitalised injury, Australia 1999–00 to 2014–15 

This report shows that the rate of hospitalised injury cases in Australia rose between 1999–00 and 2014–15 by an average of 1% per year. In 2014–15, case numbers and rates were higher for males than females for all age groups up to 60–64, and higher for females for those aged 65–69 and older.

Trends in hospitalised injury due to falls in older people 2002–03 to 2014–15 

This report focuses on trends in fall-related hospital care for people aged 65 and over from 2002–03 to 2014–15. Age-standardised rates of hospitalised fall injury cases increased over the period 2002–03 to 2014–15 for both men (3% per year) and women (2%). There was a decrease in the rate of hip fractures due to falls (–2% per year) between 2002–03 and 2014–15. In contrast, falls resulting in head injuries increased at a particularly high rate (7% per year).

Spinal cord injury, Australia 2014–15 

In 2014–15, 264 newly incident cases of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) due to external causes were reported to the Australian Spinal Cord Injury Register. Males accounted for 4 in 5 (80%) of traumatic SCI cases. Land transport crashes (42%) were the leading mechanism of injury for cases of traumatic SCI sustained in 2014–15, followed by Falls (40%). Around one-third (35%) were sustained during sports or leisure activities.

Eye injuries in Australia 2010–11 to 2014–15 

This report shows 51,778 people were hospitalised as a result of an eye injury in the 5-year period, 1 July 2010 to 30 June 2015; two-thirds of these were males. Falls (35%) and assaults (23%) were the most common causes of eye injuries. The most common type of eye injury was an open wound of the eyelid and periocular area (27%). Some 86,602 presentations were made to an emergency department due to an eye injury in the 2-year period, 1 July 2013 to 30 June 2015; 1% of these presentations were admitted to hospital.

Impact of alcohol and illicit drug use on the burden of disease and injury in Australia: Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011  

This report quantifies the health impact that alcohol and illicit drug use place on Australia, including as risk factors for other diseases and injuries. It estimates that alcohol and illicit drugs were collectively responsible for 6.7% of Australia’s disease burden in 2011. The report highlights that health inequalities exist, with lower socioeconomic groups and more remote areas generally experiencing higher rates of disease burden due to alcohol and illicit drug use.

Hospitalised farm injury, Australia: 2010–11 to 2014–15 

Almost 22,000 people were hospitalised in the period from 2010–11 to 2014–15 as a result of injury which occurred on a farm; over three-quarters of them (77%) were males. Just over 71% of people hospitalised as a result of farm-related injury resided in Inner Regional and Outer regional remoteness zones. Injuries involving motorcycles and quad bikes accounted for 42% of hospitalisations in children aged 0–14 and 21% of hospitalisations in people aged 15 and over.
 

Spinal cord injury, Australia 2008–09 

For the 2008–09 period, 349 new cases of spinal cord injury (SCI) were reported to the Australian Spinal Cord Injury Register (ASCIR); three-quarters of which were due to traumatic causes. Males accounted for 80% of traumatic SCI cases. Land transport crashes and Falls were the most common cause of traumatic SCI, accounting for 78% overall, and 45% and 33% respectively.

Spinal cord injury, Australia 2009–10 

For the 2009–10 period, 314 new cases of spinal cord injury (SCI) were reported to the Australian Spinal Cord Injury Register (ASCIR), 72% of which were due to traumatic causes. Males accounted for 81% of traumatic SCI cases. Land transport crashes (47%) and Falls (34%) accounted for the majority of traumatic SCI cases during 2009–10.

Spinal cord injury, Australia 2010–11 

For the 2010–11 period, 387 new cases of spinal cord injury (SCI) were reported to the Australian Spinal Cord Injury Register (ASCIR), 70% of which were due to traumatic causes. Males accounted for 80% of traumatic SCI cases. Land transport crashes (43%) were the leading mechanism of injury for cases of traumatic SCI sustained in 2010–11, followed by Falls (35%).

Spinal cord injury, Australia 2011–12 

Some 220 cases of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) due to external causes were reported to the Australian Spinal Cord Injury Register (ASCIR) for 2011–12. Unlike previous years reports, Falls were the leading mechanism of injury for traumatic SCI cases sustained during 2011–12, at 45%. Land transport crashes accounted for 38% of traumatic SCI.