Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people live in all different parts of the nation and comprise hundreds of groups that have their own distinct set of languages, histories and cultural traditions. The health and welfare of Indigenous Australians is improving in a number of areas, including life expectancy, educational attainment and child mortality. But Indigenous Australians still suffer from the consequences of colonisation and, as a group, continue to experience widespread socioeconomic disadvantage and health inequality.

More reports and statistics on Indigenous Australians can be found under Indigenous health & welfare services and Indigenous Australians.