The National Cervical Screening Program has developed a set of key performance and outcome indicators to monitor Program achievements. This publication is the second annual report of the Program and presents data and analysis for 1997-1998. The report includes three new periodic indicators that broaden its scope and add substantially to the information available on cervical cancer screening in Australia. These are incidence and mortality by location (rural, remote, metropolitan) and mortality by Indigenous status. Where possible, State and Territory comparisons are also provided.