Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2022) Chronic kidney disease: Australian facts, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 26 September 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2022). Chronic kidney disease: Australian facts. Retrieved from https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-kidney-disease/chronic-kidney-disease
Chronic kidney disease: Australian facts. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 23 August 2022, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-kidney-disease/chronic-kidney-disease
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Chronic kidney disease: Australian facts [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2022 [cited 2022 Sep. 26]. Available from: https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-kidney-disease/chronic-kidney-disease
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2022, Chronic kidney disease: Australian facts, viewed 26 September 2022, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-kidney-disease/chronic-kidney-disease
Get citations as an Endnote file:
This web page compares levels of 5 key chronic kidney disease (CKD) risk factors among adults with and without biomedical signs of CKD.
The populations with and without CKD were obtained from the 2011–12 National Health Measures Survey (NHMS) – the biomedical component of the Australian Health Survey (AHS) – which is the most recent national survey to include biomedical testing (ABS 2013).
Adults who had biomedical signs of CKD in the 2011–12 NHMS had significantly higher levels of diabetes, uncontrolled high blood pressure and self-reported heart, stroke and vascular disease, than adults who did not have biomedical signs of CKD (Figure 1).
These higher risk factor levels among adults who may have developed CKD highlight the need for secondary prevention to limit the disease’s further development and increased severity. Secondary prevention focuses on the early detection and best practice management of a disease or disorder to reduce deterioration and long-term effects. This includes identifying people at risk of ill-health through screening programs, general health examinations, as well as the identification of complications and co-morbidities.
After adjusting for different population age structures, an estimated:
The chart shows the proportion of risk factors among adults with and without biomedical signs of chronic kidney disease in in 2011–12.
Although the differences in this survey were not statistically significant, smoking and overweight or obesity are considered risk factors for CKD, as well as diabetes and cardiovascular disease, which in turn are risk factors for CKD.
For more information on these and other CKD risk factors, see:
See Risk factors for more information on this topic.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) (2013) Microdata: Australian Health Survey, 2011–12, AIHW analysis of detailed microdata, accessed 20 October 2021.
We'd love to know any feedback that you have about the AIHW website, its contents or reports.
The browser you are using to browse this website is outdated and some features may not display properly or be accessible to you. Please use a more recent browser for the best user experience.