This report presents the most recent key information on the oral health and dental care of the Australian population. Data from a number of different years are presented to reflect the most recent data available.
In 2009, the proportion of children who had experienced decay in their baby (deciduous) teeth ranged from 42% for 5 year olds to 61% for 9 year olds. The proportion of children with permanent teeth affected by decay ranged from 5% for 6 year olds to 58% for 14 year olds.
In 2010, approximately 21% of adults aged 65 and over had no natural teeth (edentulous). Females had a slightly higher rate of edentulism (25%) than males (17%). Of those aged 65 and over with natural teeth (dentate), nearly half (47%) wore dentures.
Data from 2004-2006, show that adults living in Remote/Very remote areas (38%) had higher rates of untreated decay than those in Major cities (24%). More adults without dental insurance had untreated decay (31%) than those with insurance (19%). In 2010, around 15% of adults reported experience of toothache in the previous 12 months, and 25% reported feeling uncomfortable about their dental appearance. A higher proportion of adults aged 45-64 felt uncomfortable about their dental appearance (29%) than those aged 15-24 (19%).
Visiting a dentist
In 2010, 64% of people aged 5 and over had visited a dentist in the previous year. This ranged from 78% of children aged 5-14 to 57% of adults aged 25-44. Almost half (49%) of adults aged over 18 had regular dental check-ups with the same dental provider (a favourable visiting pattern).
In 2010, the majority (54%) of people aged 5 and over had some level of private dental cover. More people living in Major cities (59%) had dental insurance than those in Inner regional (47%) and Outer regional areas (46%). People living in lower income households were less likely to have dental insurance than those in higher income households.
In 2010, most (79%) adults with some level of dental insurance made co-contributions towards the cost of dental visits. Nearly 1 in 10 insured adults (9%) paid all their own expenses. Of these, approximately 17% reported that this caused a large financial burden.
In 2010-11, total spending on dental services in Australia was $7,857 million: a 2% increase on the previous year. Individuals contributed 58% to total dental spending in 2010-11.
Overall, in 2009, there were 54.1 dentists, 5.6 dental therapists, 4.2 dental hygienists, 2.7 oral health therapists and 4.6 prosthetists per 100,000 population. The majority (84.5%) of practising dentists were general dentists and 11.4% were specialists.
Preliminary material: Acknowledgments; Abbreviations; Places
2 Oral health
2.1 Caries experience of children
2.2 Caries experience of adults
2.3 Periodontal disease
2.4 Tooth retention and loss
2.5 Social impact
3 Hospital separations
3.1 Potentially preventable hospital separations
3.2 Hospital separations for oral health procedures involving general anaesthetics
4 Use of dental services
4.1 Time since last dental visit
4.2 Reason for last dental visit
4.3 Type of practice visited at last dental visit
4.4 Dental visiting patterns
4.5 Dental services received
4.6 Fissure sealants in children
5 Financial barriers
6 Private health insurance
7 Utilisation of private health insurance
9 Dental workforce
9.1 Size and distribution of practising workforce
9.2 Characteristics of practising dentists
9.3 Dental specialists
Appendix A: Data collections used in this report
Appendix B: Confidence intervals for estimates
End matter: Glossary; References; List of tables; Related publications