Key demographics and statistics



In Australia, the number of mothers and babies has increased over time, from 294,547 mothers and 299,227 babies in 2009 to 298,567 mothers and 303,054 babies in 2019.

However, the rate of women giving birth has decreased from 65 per 1,000 women in 2009 to 58 per 1,000 women in 2019.

Birth rates also decreased over time for states and territories. Overall, the greatest decreases were for the Northern Territory (from 73 per 1,000 women in 2009 to 63 per 1,000 women in 2019), followed by Queensland (67 to 58) and New South Wales (65 to 57). The smallest decreases were for Western Australia (65 to 63) and South Australia (62 to 57).

Many of the characteristics of mothers and babies in Australia are similar from year to year.

However, there are some interesting recent trends, including the rising average age of mothers and rate of caesarean section births, and the falling rate of mothers who smoke during pregnancy. These, and some key trends for babies, can be explored in the graph below.

Hover over the line graph below to see the results for a specific year.

The figure shows a range of statistics for mothers and babies, between 2009 and 2019. Over this period, the number of mothers was between 294,547 and 310,247 and the number of babies was between 299,227 and 314,814. In 2019, there were 298,567 mothers and 303,054 babies.

For information on the liveborn ratio of male to female babies see National Perinatal Data Collection annual update data table 3.2.