Data source

This report used the Multi-Agency Data Integration Project (MADIP) extract of the 2021 Census of Population and Housing (Census), as at July 2022.

MADIP is a secure data asset combining information on healthcare, education, government payments, income and taxation, employment, and population demographics (including the Census) over time.

For more information on MADIP, see Data Assets.

The Census provides a contemporary picture of Australian society every 5 years and an extensive geographic and sociodemographic coverage of the people who were usual residents of Australia on the Census night.

The 2021 Census was conducted on 10 August 2021; however, people could complete the Census between July and September 2021. The scope of the Census is every person present in Australia on Census night residing in private and non-private dwellings, with the exception of:

  • people in Australian external territories (minor islands such as Heard and McDonald Island)
  • foreign diplomats and their families
  • foreign crew members on ships who remain on the ship and do not undertake migration formalities
  • people leaving an Australian port for an overseas destination before midnight on Census Night.

The 2021 Census includes a new health topic to capture data about Australians reporting selected long-term health conditions. This allows for the analysis of long-term health conditions data at more detailed geographic and sub-population levels than ABS health surveys can support.

For more information on the 2021 Census, see About the Census.