Long-term health condition(s)

Long-term health conditions are diagnosed by a doctor or nurse, last six months or longer and include health conditions that:

  • may recur from time to time, or
  • are controlled by medication, or
  • are in remission.

These variables record the type of selected long-term health condition(s) a person has reported. Respondents can record multiple long-term health conditions including:

  • arthritis
  • asthma
  • cancer (including remission)
  • dementia (including Alzheimer’s)
  • diabetes (excluding gestational diabetes)
  • heart disease (including heart attack or angina)
  • kidney disease
  • lung condition (including COPD or emphysema)
  • mental health condition (including depression or anxiety)
  • stroke
  • any other long-term health condition(s).

This report also presents data for those who had at least one long-term health condition (including any other long-term health conditions) and those who reported having 'heart disease or stroke'. A limitation of the long-term health condition variables in the 2021 Census is that the data rely on the responses from a single question, unlike the ABS surveys that have a detailed set of questions to capture the information on the conditions more accurately.

For more information on the purpose, collection method, advantages and limitations of the long-term health conditions in the Census see Comparing ABS long-term health conditions data sources.