Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2016) Specialist homelessness services 2015–16, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 10 August 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2016). Specialist homelessness services 2015–16. Retrieved from https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/homelessness-services/specialist-homelessness-services-2015-16
Specialist homelessness services 2015–16. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 15 December 2016, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/homelessness-services/specialist-homelessness-services-2015-16
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Specialist homelessness services 2015–16 [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2016 [cited 2022 Aug. 10]. Available from: https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/homelessness-services/specialist-homelessness-services-2015-16
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2016, Specialist homelessness services 2015–16, viewed 10 August 2022, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/homelessness-services/specialist-homelessness-services-2015-16
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The 2015 Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers (SDAC) estimates that almost 1 in 5 Australians (18.3% of the total population) have disability. This estimate includes all those with any disability including mild and severe disabilities . The SHSC identifies people with core activity limitations and their level of need for assistance in different life areas including those that may impact on housing and employment, and differentiates them from people without such limitations. The analysis of the availability and appropriateness of homelessness services for this group of clients allows for comparable information about people with disability across a range of government services.
The SHSC disability questions are asked of all clients and are based on core activity limitations and whether the client has any need for assistance with these activities. In this report, people who identified that they have a limitation in core activities (self–care, mobility and/or communication) and who also reported that they always or sometimes needed assistance with one or more of these core activities are described as having disability. Details about measuring disability in the SHSC and the definition of a client with disability are provided in the Technical information section .
This is the third year for which information on clients based on core activity limitations together with their level of need for assistance has been collected. In 2015–16, of the 27,181 clients who had a core activity limitation, 9,812 clients (or 4% of all SHS clients) answered that they 'always/sometimes need help and/or supervision' with self–care, mobility or communication (Supplementary Table DIS.1). It is these 'clients with disability' who are described in this section.
Since reporting began on the disability indicator in the SHSC in 2013–14, the number of clients with disability has increased. The key trends identified over the 3 years have been:
Source: Specialist Homelessness Services Collection 2013–14 to 2015–16.
Support received by clients with disability was longer than the general SHS population, reflecting the more complex needs these clients present with. In 2015–16 clients with disability:
Of the 9,812 clients reporting disability in 2015–16:
of clients with disability were homeless, similar to the general SHS population.
were living alone when they approached homelessness services, more than the general SHS population (29%).
of clients with disability were Indigenous, compared with 24% of all SHS clients.
2 in 3
clients with disability (66%) accessed services in Major cities and 1 in 5 (20%) in Inner regional areas. This was about the same distribution as the general SHS population (63% and 21%, respectively).
reported housing crisis as the most common main reason clients with disability sought homelessness services.
2x as many people aged over 55
with disability (16%) sought assistance from SHS agencies, compared with the general SHS population (8%). And, unlike the general SHS population, there were similar proportions of male and female clients with disability.
The age and sex distribution of clients with disability compared with clients without disability is shown in Figure DIS.1.
Note: For further information on the quality of Disability data, specifically for children aged 0–9, see the Data Quality Statement.
Source: Specialist Homelessness Services 2015–16, National Supplementary Table DIS.3.
Source: Specialist Homelessness Services 2015–16, National Supplementary Table DIS.4.
Of clients aged 15 and over with disability (nearly 6,800), 88% reported that their main source of income was a government payment, in particular:
A larger proportion of male clients with disability (52%) reported that their main source of income was from the Disability Support Pension, compared with females (43%).
Of clients aged 15 and over with disability (nearly 6,800):
Note: Excludes ‘Other basic assistance’, ‘Advice/information’, and ‘Advocacy/liaison on behalf of client’.
Source: Specialist Homelessness Services 2015–16, National Supplementary Table DIS.5.
Note: Per cent calculations based on Total clients, excluding ‘Not stated’.
Source: Specialist Homelessness Services 2015–16, National Supplementary Table DIS.6.
Of those clients with disability whose support had ended (about 7,000 clients):
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